0NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 2: Forest & Wildlife Resources Completes Notes Part 7

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Forest & Wildlife Resources

Conservation of Forest

  • Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan: Villagers have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.

  • 5 villages in Alwar, Rajasthan: 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’ - own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting, and are protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments

  • Chipko – Himalayas

  • Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya – crop without chemicals

  • Joint forest management (JFM) – 1988 by Orissa – local community and restoration of degraded forests

Now conservation of forest will be talking about some of the case studies Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan the villages did a huge fight to protect the region and protect the flora and fauna of the region because they wanted to curve the mining activity that exist in that region again 5 villages in Alwar they protected to the forest on their own as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’ that’s a kind of modified form of century and they establish their own rules and regulations and said that no encroachment would be allowed in this region and no hunting of animals would be allowed.

In north India we started Chipko Andolan that’s hugging of the trees so that the people don’t cut the trees so it was to prevent the activities of deforestation so it was the hugging of the trees, then similar to Chipko in south India it started with the Appico Andolan, Appico Andolan was very similar to what was the Chipko Andolan in the north, then Tehri region you have Beej Bachao Andolan and Navdanya the movement that talked about cropping without the use of chemicals, then there was joined forestry management that is started in 1988 in Odisha. It works around with restoration of the degraded forest area and the work around with their local community or the indigenous people.

  • Mundas & Santhal of Chhota Nagpur region worship mahua (Bassia latifolia) and kadamba (Anthocaphalus cadamba) trees

  • Tribals of Orissa and Bihar worship tamarind (Tamarindus indica) and mango (Mangifera indica) trees during weddings.

  • Bishnoi villages in Rajasthan, herds of blackbuck, (chinkara), nilgai and peacocks

Besides these Bishnoi and Rajasthan have been protecting the black bucks of that region which are known as chinkara then you have nilgai and peacocks so Bishnoi as again sect of people in Rajasthan who have been working hard for conserving the forests in there area then you have tribals of Odisha and Bihar who worship tamarind (Tamarindus indica) and mango (Mangifera indica) trees. These trees are auspicious during weddings. Mundas & Santhal of Chhota Nagpur region worship mahua (Bassia latifolia) and kadamba (Anthocaphalus cadamba) trees. So these are some of the case studies wild forest has been important and the local community which have been working for protection of the forest in the specific areas.