NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 5: Minerals & Energy Resources Completes Notes Part 7 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Minerals & Energy Resources

Natural Gas

  • Clean energy
  • With or without petroleum
  • Low CO2 emission
  • Krishna- Godavari basin, Mumbai High, Gulf of Cambay & A & N Is.
  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) for vehicles to replace liquid fuels
  • 1700 km pipeline: Hazira (Guj.) -Bijaipur (MP) – Jagdishpur (UP) links Mumbai High and Bassien
  • HBJ - Gas daily to 3 power houses at Kawas (Gujarat) , Anta (Rajasthan) and Auraiya (U. P.) & 6 fertilizer plants at Bijapur, Sawai Madhopur, Jagdishpur, Shahjahanpur, Aonla and Babrala

The next is natural gas, natural gas is considered as a clean source of energy, it creates lesser pollution it՚s use mainly as CNG or compressed natural gas in vehicles, and this is now replacing the liquid fuels that has been used, the major sources of natural gas are Krishna- Godavari basin, Mumbai High, Gulf of Cambay & Andaman & Nicobar of which Gulf of Cambay and Krishna Godavari are now exploring share deposits. Again new afford in way of natural gas deposits.

In India one of the famous pipeline is the HBJ is the Hazira, Bijaipur and Jagdishpur pipeline it moves from Gujarat, Madhya pradesh and links finally to Uttar Pradesh it also connects to Mumbai High and Bassien areas. Now what՚s the uniqueness of this pipeline. This pipeline provides gas daily to 3 power houses located at Kawas in Gujarat, Anta in Rajasthan and Auraiya in Uttar Pradesh. And to 6 fertilizer plants at Bijapur, Sawai Madhopur, Jagdishpur, Shahjahanpur, Aonla and Babrala. So this are the regions where you have regular supply of gas from a single pipeline that India has so India definately has good potential to move forward for natural gas.


  • Thermal – Use coal, petrol & gas
  • Hydel – Bhakra Nangal, Damodar etc.
  • Nuclear – Uranium & thorium form Jharkhand & Aravallis; monazite from Kerala (thorium)

The next is electricity, now electricity could be generated from various sources so when we talk about thermal sources it is mainly from coal, petroleum or gas, then you have Hydel power electricity generation from wind, from water sources, solar energy so all those are under non-conventional energy sources, so if we talk about production of electricity, it is attributed to both conventional and non-conventional sources.

Again you have nuclear energy that comes mainly from Uranium and thorium, now thorium deposits and uranium deposits are primarily found in Jharkhand, India is now signed MOU with Australia to import uranium and that՚s of recent, again you have monazite deposits which are reach in thorium and you have this deposits in Kerala or the post of Kerala.

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