NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 5: Minerals & Energy Resources Completes Notes Part 8

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for IMO-Level-2 : fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 114K)

Get the Video tutorial on this topic at:

Loading Video

Minerals & Energy Resources


  • Solar – Sun – Madhapur in Bhuj (sterilize milk can)

  • Wind - Tamil Nadu (Nagarcoil to Madurai), AP, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Lakshadweep & Jaisalmer

  • Biogas – Gobar gas – kerosene, dung cake, charcoal

  • Tidal – Gulf of Kuchchh

  • Geothermal - Parvati valley near Manikaran in HP & Puga Valley, Ladakh

Now moving on to a non-conventional energy resource, we have covered this detail in the class of renewable energy in India, targets 2022 that’s for the 2000 century and the 2022 targets, that’s very important so just refer that along with this.

Now you have few of the sources solar energy as we said comes from sun. It is easily available it can be harness in most of the tropical region, the international solar Alliance that has been recently formed aims to harness solar energy to tropical countries. Now one of the interesting plants is Madhapur in Bhuj and this plant sterilizes milk cans only by means of solar energy. So this are some of revolutionary steps that could see with use of non-conventional energy resources.

Wind energy primarily started with the Tamil Nadu and Nagarcoil region to Madurai region you have the very long wind mills that are been established, than slowly it move forward to Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Lakshadweep & Jaisalmer, in Gujarat in Lambha, you had the first solar pond that was established. And again with this solar pond numerous wind plants there where wind energy that was harness in Gujarat areas, then you have Biogas, biogas comes from cowdungs and the remains so you have in the form of Gobar gas it is used for the various purposes in the rural households and the agricultural land.

Then you have the tidal energy, tidal energy is the list popular among the non-conventional sources, mainly harnessed as of now gulf of Khambhat, Kutch. Then you have geothermal energy, some of the regions of geothermal energy, are very important in India those are Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh and Puga Valley in Ladakh. This two are must to know region. Now geothermal energy what is that means is natural energy that’s coming from the interior from the earth. Now this energy has a power or the heat source to heat or even to cook food on the hot water that is coming from the ground, so that’s the extent you have the geothermal energy and the power of the geothermal energy.

Tough Go! Race to be 100% Renewable

  • Sweden – Aim to be 1st nation to 100% fossil fuel free

  • Costa Rica - carbon-neutral by 2021

  • Nicaragua – 90% by 2020

  • Scotland – mainly wind – meet 97% household needs

  • Germany – leads in solar – met 78% household needs

Now what is the recent trend, the recent trend as we know is we are looking forward for sustainable future, when we say a sustainable future that means using are energy resources in such a fashion they could be utilized for the future generations to comes, so when we are targeting are future generations are goal now shifts from the non-renewable sources to the renewable sources of energy, and here are some of the leaders who are doing excellent for the renewable sources of energy.

Sweden aims to be 1st nation to be declared 100% fossil fuel free nation, Costa Rica is aiming to carbon neutral by 2021. Nicaragua wants to use produce 90% of its house combustion by 2020 through renewable sources. Scotland is predominantly focusing on wind energy and it’s trying to meet 97% of household requirements by use of wind energy, similarly Germany is leading in solar energy and aiming to meet 78% of the household needs through solar energy. So these are some of the revolutionary nations who are working for the renewable sources of energy.