NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries Completes Notes Part 3

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Manufacturing Industries

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Jute Industry

  • Largest producer of jute and jute goods

  • 2nd exporter after Bangladesh

  • Most mills in W. Bengal – Hugli river (1st at Rishra)

  • Partition – mills in India, production in Bangladesh

  • Why good location? Inexpensive water, cheap labour, producing areas, transport network, banking and insurance

  • Support 2.6 lakh directly & 40 lakh indirectly

  • Competition with synthetic fiber

  • 2005- National Jute Policy

  • Mkt- U.S.A., Canada, Russia, United Arab Republic, U.K. and Australia

  • Env. Friendly and biodegradable

The next is jute industries, now backdrop of jute industries is important with the partition of India and Bangladesh what happened was most of the jute producing areas went to Bangladesh so you have production areas went to Bangladesh, however mills remain in India. So that was basic divide of the jute industry in India.

Again these industries now a days replacing by a synthetic fiber, most of the mills are constructed in the Hugli region. India is 2nd largest exporter of jute, after Bangladesh, however this jute industries now gaining importance back because it is coming up as a kind of fashion industry. In 2005 India led down the national jute policy, has a good market in U.S.A., Canada, Russia, United Arab Republic, U.K. and Australia moreover, the produce that are made from jute are environmental friendly and biodegradable so they are it is a kind of industries which is on rise now.

Sugar Industry – Gur & Khandsari

  • RM – bulky

  • Transport reduces sucrose

  • 60% in UP & Bihar

  • Shifting to south & west – Maharashtra – higher sucrose, cooperatives & cool climate for long crushing season

Now next is sugar industries which also producing the Gur and Khandsari. Now sugar industries was initially concentrated in northern states of UP & Bihar, however its gradually move to southern India, the basic reason for this was in southern India you have more of co-operative farming, it had more of cool climate which us must for longer crushing season that was required and finally the southern sugarcane had higher sucrose content or higher sugar content as compare to the northern sugar canes. So there was kind of shift in to the sugar industries to south and south west.

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