NCERT Class 4 Geography: The Southern Plateaus of India Complete Notes

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Key Notes –

1. The image shown below is an elevated flat land. It is a plateau.

Flat highlands

Flat Highlands

2. A Plateau is a flat-topped table land standing above the surrounding area.

3. In our country, the Southern Plateau is roughly triangular in shape.

4. Major part of the plateau region has fertile black soil.

5. The southern plateau is bound by the Western Ghats in the west and by the Eastern Ghats in the east.

6. The Southern Plateaus are divided into two equal parts by the Narmada River – The Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau.

Ghats and highlands

Ghats and Highlands

7. The Central Highlands consists of the Malwa plateau and the Chotanagpur plateau.

8. The Chotanagpur plateau falls in the states of Jharkhand, northern Orissa and north eastern Chhattisgarh. This area is rich in various minerals such as coal, iron, manganese, mica, etc.

9. Some of the big sleet plants are located in Jamshedpur, Rourkela and Bokaro.

10. Many rivers originate in the Deccan plateau.

Rivers of southern plateau

Rivers in Southern Plateau that flow to Bay of Bengal

Rivers in Southern Plateau that flow to Arabian Sea

  • Godavari

  • Mahanadi

  • Krishna

  • Kaveri

  • Narmada

  • Tapi

  • Sharavati

  • Periyar

11. The river Godavari is regarded as Dakshin Ganga.

12. This region has many dams.

Dams and Rivers

Dams

Rivers

Mettur Dam

Kaveri

Krishnaraja Sagar

Kaveri

Nagarjuna Sagar

Krishna

Hirakud dam

Mahanadi

13. Some of the famous hill stations in this region are Udhagamandalam and Kodaikanal. Coffee and tea plantations on the slopes of the hills give the region a scenic charm.