NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8: Climate, Vegetation & Wildlife Complete Notes Part 1

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Climate, Vegetation & Wildlife

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Now this chapter talked about climate, Vegetation and Wildlife particular parenting into India. Now first of all we understand then the different between the weather and climate.

Climate vs. Weather

  • Winter: Dec to Feb – Cold

  • Summer: March to May – Hot - loo

  • Rainy: June to Sept – SW Monsoon (mausim – seasons in Arabic)

  • Autumn: Oct & Nov – Retreating Monsoon

  • Summer: lemon, tamarind, kokum, phalsa, watermelon, buttermilk

  • Rainy (English), Varsha (Hindi), Barish (Urdu), Pous (Marathi) & Borsha (Bengali)

Daily phenomena is known as weather. We say weather, weather is nice, and weather is sunny so all those phenomena occurs on day to day basis and are explained under weather.

Information for the period of 30 year or more and a relatively longer duration of time is known as climate. We classify it under four heads as the summer season, the winter season and the rainy season and the Autumn season.

Now winter season usually extent for December to February. It is considered as a cold period with cold west flowing on you have summer season from March to May which is usually hot and known as “Loo” locally. Rainy season extent from June to September and this is affected by the south west monsoon. Monsoon is derived from Arabic word “mausim” which in Arabic means “seasons” and finally you have autumn season which is a season of shedding of leaves. You have October to November and this is also govern by the retreating monsoon that is mainly seen on the coast of the Tamil Nadu.

Now let’s talk about rainy season itself so we call this season by different names different parts of country. For example in English we call it ‘Rainy’. In Hindi we call it ‘Varsha’. In Urdu it is ‘Barish’. In Marathi call it ‘Pous’ and Bengali we call it ‘Borsha’. So all this are the different name from the season. So similar to rainy season you have the name for other seasons as well in the summer you have some of the fruits and vegetables which are commonly used which provide refreshment. Now what are the major factors affecting the climate conditions.

Factors Affecting Climate

  • Location

  • Altitude

  • Distance from Sea

  • Relief

  • Jaislmer & Bikarner – Arid

  • Draas & Kargil – Freezing

  • Mumbai & Kolkata – Moderate

  • Mawsynram, Meghalaya – Highest rainfall in world

The location of the region so if I say the equator it would be hot and humid. However if it is towards the poles it would be temperature and would be cool. As we move up and reach mountain top it would be much cooler as compared to the mountain bottom.

You have severe arid condition in Bikaner and freezing cold condition in Dras & Kargil. Then you have Mumbai and Kolkata which are ports area with moderate conditions and the region of highest rainfalls in world is Mawsynram in Meghalaya it was previously Cherrapunji and now it has been sense ducats it has been Mawsynram. Now next we will study natural vegetation.

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