NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 9: Life in Temperate Grasslands Completes Notes Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Life in Temperate Grasslands

Velds – S. Africa

  • Rolling Plateau – 600 to 1100 m
  • B/W Drakensberg in East & Kalahari in West
  • Rivers- Orange & Limpopo
  • Winters – Cold and Dry (July is Coldest) , Scanty Rain in Winters
  • Summer – Nov to Feb
  • Sparse Vegetation, Red Grass
  • Trees – Acacia & Maroola
  • Lions, Leopards, Cheetah & Kudu

Velds are found in South Africa, it is surrounded by Kalaharis in the west and Drakensberg mountain range in the east. Now interesting thing here is this will slice in south hemisphere now the south hemisphere and north hemisphere. South hemisphere region experiences winter in the month of May to July, in contrast to what you have in north hemisphere where you have winter in December to February. You have summer months what are our summer months our winter months for south hemisphere so you have the coldest month is July the winter are cold and dry with very scanty rainfall the summer month extend from the November to February. There is very less vegetation, the common vegetation that is seen is in the form of red grass they are very few trees mainly Acacia & Maroola which are found here. The common fauna is Lions, Leopards, Cheetah & Kudu.

  • Cattle Rearing & Mining
  • Maize, Wheat, Barley, Oat, Potato
  • Sheep Rearing
  • Dairy Farming – Butter & Cheese for export & domestic use
  • Iron & Steel
  • Gold – Johannesburg (gold capital of world)
  • Diamond – Kimerbeley
  • British Colony & Well- developed transport network

Now the major rivers that drain these area are Orange river and Limpopo river and this is not kind of flat low-lying area similar to Prairies in contrast it is kind of rowling plateau region which extends from 600 to 1000 meters. Now the major activities are cattle rearing and mining. You have kind of production of Maize, Wheat, Barley, Oat, and Potato. And cattle rearing the most prominent activity you have also is sheep rearing. Then for cattle farming you have dairy farming related to it you have butter and cheese production. Now these butter and cheese is not only used for domestic purpose but it is exported to other nations of the world. So it is kind export economy for South Africa. Then you have Iron steel industries the two major minerals that are mind here are gold and diamond, Diamond is mines in Kimberley and gold is mine in Johannesburg. Johannesburg is also known as gold capital of the world. Now this region was a British colony and as a result they have a kind of very well developed transport network and communication network in South Africa.

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