NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter-3-Mineral and Power Resources Complete Notes Part-2

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Mineral and Power Resources

Minerals – Asia

  • ½ of world’s tin production

  • China & India – Iron ore

  • China, Malaysia, Indonesia – Tin

  • China - lead, antimony and tungsten

Location of Minerals Asia

Location of Minerals Asia

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Now coming on to the continent of Asia, the Asian continent account for half of the world’s Tin. So China and India are the leading producers for iron then you have Tin that occurs mainly in China, Malaysia and Indonesia and finally China again leads in the lead, antimony and tungsten production. So these are the main minerals that are found in Asia moving on to Europe.

Minerals – Europe

  • World’s leading producer of iron

  • Russia, Ukraine, Sweden and France – Iron ore

  • Eastern Europe and European Russia: copper, lead, zinc, manganese and nickel

  • Switzerland – No mineral deposits

Europe is again one of the leading sources of iron so this is the region of Europe, Europe is known for iron production. Part of Europe, Russia, Ukraine, Sweden and France known for iron deposits, then again Switzerland is a unique country which has no mineral deposits that are present. It’s again known for its banking structure. Then you have the Eastern Europe and the European Russia which are known for copper, lead, zinc, Manganese and Nickel. The next is North America.

Minerals – North America

  • Canadian region north of the Great Lakes - Iron ore, nickel, gold, uranium and copper

  • Appalachian region – Coal

  • Mountain ranges of the west - copper, lead, zinc, gold and silver

North America you have this region now the Appalachian mountain bed - here is known for coal deposits you have western mountain range the Rockies which are known for copper, lead, zinc, gold and silver and then towards the north and the Great Lakes you have Iron ore, nickel, gold, uranium and copper that is present. So five Great Lakes account for iron, Nickel, Uranium and copper deposits now moving on to the South America.

Minerals – South America

  • Brazil – Largest producer of high grade iron ore

  • Chile & Peru - Copper

  • Brazil & Bolivia – Tin

  • Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Peru and Columbia – Oil

  • Gold, silver, zinc, chromium, manganese, bauxite, mica, platinum, asbestos and diamond

Within South America Brazil is the highest producer for iron ore, then you have Brazil and Bolivia which are known for Tin deposits. Chile and Peru which have huge number of copper deposits and again phosphate deposits in Colombia, Peru. Venezuela the Northern section is known for oil deposits and there are some minerals which are present here which are listed. Now next is Africa.