NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter-3-Mineral and Power Resources Complete Notes Part-3

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Mineral and Power Resources

Minerals – Africa

  • World’s Largest producer of gold, platinum & diamonds

  • South Africa, Zimbabwe and Zaire- Gold

  • Nigeria, Libya and Angola – Oil

  • Copper, iron ore, chromium, uranium, cobalt and bauxite

  • Green Diamond is the rarest diamond

Africa is primarily known for gold diamonds and platinum and specifically South African region which is known for this. You Nigeria, Libya and Angola which are known for its oil deposits, then you have towards the north you have the oil deposits and then among the diamonds - green diamonds is considered as the rarest of all the diamonds. Next is Australia.

Minerals – Australia

  • World’s Largest producer of bauxite

  • Kalgoorlie & Coolgardie - Gold

  • Gold, diamond, iron, copper, zinc, lead, manganese, tin & nickel

Australia is known for its largest deposits of bauxite in the world Kalgoorlie & Coolgardie are known for gold deposits in Australia. So that’s the region we are focusing on and there are other minerals that are present in Australia as well now finally moving on to Antarctica.

Minerals – Antarctica

  • Coal in Transantarctic Mountains

  • Iron near Prince Charles Mountains of East Antarctica, iron

Conservation of Minerals

Conservation of Minerals

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Antarctica you have potential reserves of coal in the Transatlantic mountains, as Antarctica mountains and finally in the East Antarctica you have traces of iron that have been explored and those are potential resources. Now when we talk about conservation of minerals, minerals are one of the non-renewable resources as we know and since they are non-renewable the only thing that we can do is think and act that is reuse, reduce and recycle as much as possible to conserve the minerals for the future generation so that was about the minerals moving on to minerals in India.

Minerals – India

  • Iron - Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, MP, Goa, Maharashtra & Karnataka

  • Bauxite - Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, MP, Gujarat, Maharashtra & Tamil Nadu

  • Mica - Jharkhand, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan

  • Copper - Rajasthan, MP, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

  • Manganese - Maharashtra, MP, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Karnataka and AP

  • Limestone - Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, MP, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

  • Gold – Kolar in Karnataka

  • Salt - India is one of the world’s leading producers and exporters - Sambhar

Minerals in India when we talk about India per so India’s rich various minerals you have soil deposits that are seen so if I draw a map of India here you have soil deposits in the coastal areas as well as the Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan and India is the one of the major producers and exporters of salt.

Then you have gold in the Kolar belt in Karnataka; limestone in Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odissa region; then you have manganese and iron in the same region that is found so whole of this belt the Palmar belt; the Raniganj belt contributes for iron deposits and the bauxite, limestone; then you have Mica, again you have traces found in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh which are major Mica producers copper and Rajasthan. Then you have Zinc again in Rajasthan so these are some of the primary spots or locations for minerals distribution in India. Now moving on to the next topic that is the power resources.