NCERT History Class 3-Timeline Sources (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • The word past refers to the time that has gone by. It is the time before ‘now’ . The word ‘history’ comes from the French word for ‘story’ .
    • How do we remember the important parts of this long story?


  • We use the correct order of events to remember and understand the past. A timeline shows events in the order in which they happened.

An Example of a Timeline

  • On a timeline, the first event is on the left-hand side. The latest event is on the right-hand side. But how do we learn about history?

Sources of History

  • We need objects, materials and written stories to study the past. These are called sources of history.
  • Stories that we hear about the past are also sources of history. These sources may or may not be written.
  • The three types of sources of history are:
    • oral sources: stories, songs and poems that people remember
    • Written sources: writing on stone, wood, metal, paintings on walls and papers
    • Material sources: materials used to make buildings, tools, clothes, jewelrry and other such materials

Understanding History

  • The need To Study History Different people study history for different reasons. A doctor studies history to understand the different diseases and treatments of the past.
    • A journalist studies history to understand present events better. An architect learns about ways of constructing buildings and the materials used in the past.
    • The study of materials helps them understand which materials are strong and which are weak.
    • This helps them make new buildings better. Some reasons to study history are:
      • To understand the stories of people in different situations
      • To know why events happened in the past
      • To help us understand the changes in the world
      • To help us become better citizens
    • We use different sources of history to learn different things about the past.
Sources in History
Sources of historyWhat can we learn from them?
Oral sourceslanguages spoken, everyday activities and festivals
written sourcesRules, famous people and places
material sourcescommonly used objects, materials used to make things

Ways of Learning About Personal History

  • Every person also has a past or personal history. What sources tell us about the personal histories of our grandparents? Some sources of their personal histories are:
  • Oral sources: listening to the stories that people remember about themselves. These are usually not written down.
  • Written sources: reading their written records such as letters and diaries, and looking at their photographs and video recordings.
  • Material sources: looking at their clothes, jewelrry and other belongings.

Archaeologist՚s and Historians

  • Archaeologists and historians work together to learn about the past. They find out about different people and groups. Here is how archaeologists and historians work:

New Words

  • Event – something that has happened, is happening or will happen
  • Disease – something that makes a living being ill or unwell
  • Journalist – someone who writes about events for a newspaper or magazine
  • Architect – someone who plans how a house or any building will look like and how it will be made
  • Archaeologist – someone who finds and studies objects and places used in the past
  • Historian – someone who collects information about the past from different sources to write a complete story

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