NCERT History Class 4 – Our Religious Festivals

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Key Notes –

1. Our country is a land of festivals. Different people of our country follow different religions. Some of the religions people practice in our country are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism,

2. People belong to different religion celebrate various festivals.

Religious festivals of India

Religious Festivals of India

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3. Festivals celebrated by different religions in India are as follows –

Festivals for religions

Hinduism

Islam

Christianity

Sikkhism

Buddhism

Jainism

Diwali

Id-ul-fitr’

Christmas

Gurpuravs

Buddha Purnima

Mahveer Jayanti

Holi

Id ul zuha

Good Friday

Ganesh Chaturthi

Muharram

Durgapuja

Makar Sankranti

4. ‘Hindus’ in India celebrate Diwali – ‘The Festival of Light.’ Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped during this festival.

5. Holi-the festival of colors is the other important festival of Hinduism.

6. Another festival ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ is celebrated in honour of god Lord Ganesha.

7. Durga puja is another festival celebrated basically in the north-East India including Bengal and some part of North India. This is celebrated to end the evil practices on earth.

8. Makar Sankranti is the harvesting festival celebrated all over India with different names.

9. On 25th December –on the day Jesus Christ was born, people belong to ‘Christianity’ celebrate ‘Christmas’.

10. ‘Id-ul-Fitr’ and ‘Id ul zuha’ are two important festival celebrated by the people belong to Islam (Muslims).

11. Muslims keep fasting during ‘Ramzan.’ After 30 days of fasting they celebrate their festival ‘Idul-Fitr’.

12. ‘Muharram’ is another festival celebrated by Muslims in the first month of the Islamic calendar.

13. The people belong to ‘Sikhism’ celebrate ‘Guruparavs’ to mark the birthdays of the ten Sikh Gurus.

14. A community meal called ‘Langar’ is also held in the Gurudwara.

15. Buddha Purnima is the most sacred festivals of Buddhist, celebrated in remembrance Lord Buddha on his birth anniversary.

16. Mahaveer Jayanti- connected with the great auspicious event of the birth of Lord Mahavira is celebrated with great pomp and enthusiasm by all Jainas.