NCERT History Class 4 – Thoughts That Make Us Better Human Beings (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Key Notes –

1. Different people of our country follow different religions. Religion teaches us to become better human beings.

Religions of India

2. Majority of the people in our country follow the oldest religion in the world – Hinduism.

3. Some of the holy books of Hindus are Shrimad Bhagavat Gita, Vedas, and Upanishads etc.

4. Buddhism propagated by Gautam Buddha is another popular religion which originated in India.

5. Buddha told people to follow eightfold path that includes – right thinking, right speech, right knowledge, right living, right action, right effort, right observation and right meditation.

6. Lord Mahavira – the founder of Jainism emphasized on right faith, right conduct, right knowledge and non-violence

7. Another religious group - Christians follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. The Bible is the holy book of Christians.

8. The followers of Prophet Mohammed are known as Muslims. The Quran is the holy book of the Muslims.

9. Another religion - Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak. The Guru Granth Sahib is the holy book of the Sikhs.

10. Parsis follow Zoroastrianism which was founded by Zoroaster or Zarathustra. Zend Avesta is the holy book of Parsis.

11. Many people have contributed to the wellbeing of the society in various ways.

Social Reformers
  • Sant Kabir spread the message of love.
  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy fought against evil practices such as ‘Sati’ , child marriage and caste system.
  • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan emphasized on education to bring changes in society.
  • Ramabai Ranade spent her entire life to educate women in Maharashtra.

12. Great Kings in our country like – Ashoka, Akbar, and Krishnadeva Raya left behind their great contribution to the society.

13. Ashoka, the follower of Lord Buddha constructed roads, dharamsalas and hospitals for the welfare of the people.

14. Krishnadeva Raya, the king of Vijayanagara also worked towards the welfare of the people. 15. Akbar the great was a just and good ruler, he respected all religions. People lived in peace and comfort during his reign.

16. We also had great astronomers like Aryabhatta and Varahamihira.

17. Charaka and Sushruta knew a lot about medicine and the human body.

18. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam the former president of India was a great scientist too. He played a major role in developing India՚s capabilities in space programs and missiles.

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