NCERT History Class 6 – Notes of Chapter 12: Buildings, Paintings and Books

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Iron pillar – during the time of ChandraGupta

Iron pillar of Chandra Gupta

Iron Pillar of Chandra Gupta

Iron pillar of Chandra Gupta

Stupas (mound) – it shows physical remnants of the Buddha or his supporters or the effects they used. Pradakshina path was left around the stupa. (Eg: Sanchi, Amaravathi)

Stupas of Amaravathi

Stupas of Amaravathi

Stupas of Amaravathi

Cave temples.

Cave temples

Cave Temples

Cave temples

Rock cut temples.

Rock cut temples

Rock Cut Temples

Rock cut temples

  • Hindu temples:

    • Garbhagriha = place where the image of the chief deity was placed.

    • Shikhara = tower made on the top of Garbhagriha to mark this out as a sacred place.

    • Mandapa = hall where people could assemble.

  • Examples of early temples :

    • Bhitargaon, UP (AD 500) – made of baked brick and stone,

    • Mahaballipuram – monolithic temples,

    • Aihole Durga temple (AD 600).

  • PS: Connotation of ivory functioned paid for one the lovely entries at Sanchi.

  • Jain monastery in Orissa


Jain monastery in Orissa

Jain Monastery in Orissa

Jain monastery in Orissa


Paintings – Ajanata caves – Buddhist monks.

Paintings of Ajanata caves

Paintings of Ajanata Caves

Paintings of Ajanata caves


  • Silappadikaram by Ilango Adikal, AD 200

  • Manimekalai by Sattanar, AD 600

  • Meghaduta by Kalidasa

  • Puranas were future to be heard by everybody whom was supposed to be compiled by Vyasa.

  • Jataka and Panchatantra stories

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