NCERT History Class 6 – Notes of Chapter 12: Buildings, Paintings and Books (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Buildings

  • Iron pillar – during the time of ChandraGupta
Iron Pillar of Chandra Gupta
  • Stupas (mound) – it shows physical remnants of the Buddha or his supporters or the effects they used. Pradakshina path was left around the stupa. (Eg: Sanchi, Amaravathi)
Stupas of Amaravathi
  • Cave temples.
Cave Temples
  • Rock cut temples.
Rock Cut Temples
  • Hindu temples:
  • Garbhagriha = place where the image of the chief deity was placed.
  • Shikhara = tower made on the top of Garbhagriha to mark this out as a sacred place.
  • Mandapa = hall where people could assemble.
  • Examples of early temples:
  • Bhitargaon, UP (AD 500) – made of baked brick and stone,
  • Mahaballipuram – monolithic temples,
  • Aihole Durga temple (AD 600) .
  • PS: Connotation of ivory functioned paid for one the lovely entries at Sanchi.
  • Jain monastery in Orissa

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Jain Monastery in Orissa

Paintings

  • Paintings – Ajanata caves – Buddhist monks.
Paintings of Ajanata Caves

Books

  • Silappadikaram by Ilango Adikal, AD 200
  • Manimekalai by Sattanar, AD 600
  • Meghaduta by Kalidasa
  • Puranas were future to be heard by everybody whom was supposed to be compiled by Vyasa.
  • Jataka and Panchatantra stories

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