NCERT Class 4 Science: Components of Food Complete Notes Part 1

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Key Notes –

1. It is very important to eat different types of food.

Different types of food

Different Types of Food

Different types of food

2. Different food items contain different essential components required for our body. Such essential substances in food which help in body mechanisms are called as nutrients.

Vitamin Sources

Vitamin Sources

Vitamin Sources

3. Various nutrients required in our body are

Nutrients of our body

Nutrients of Our Body

Nutrients of our body

4. Energy drinks like glucose powder contain the nutrient which helps in providing us with energy. This nutrient is called as carbohydrates. Sugars and starch are two major types of carbohydrate. Some of the food items rich in carbohydrate are – rice and rice products, cereals, crackers, cakes, flours, bread, bread products, potato and potato products.

Carbs

Carbs

Carbs

5. Fruits contain the essential nutrient which helps in protecting our body against diseases. Such vital component of food is called vitamins.

The vitamins

The Vitamins

The vitamins

6. The nutrients which help in growth and repair of our body are called proteins. Some of the food items rich in proteins are – meat, milk, egg, fish, tofu, beans, lentils, yogurt, nuts, and seeds.

Food and nutrients

Food and Nutrients

Food and nutrients

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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