# NCERT Computer: Chapter 7 – Introduction to C + + Part 5

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## 4. Punctuators

The following characters are used as punctuators in C++.

**Brackets [ ]** opening and closing brackets indicate single and multidimensional array subscript.

**Parentheses ( )** opening and closing brackets indicate functions calls, function parameters for grouping expressions etc.

**Braces { }** opening and closing braces indicate the start and end of a compound statement.

**Comma ,** it is used as a separator in a function argument list.

**Semicolon ;** it is used as a statement terminator.

**Colon :** it indicates a labelled statement or conditional operator symbol.

**Asterisk *** it is used in pointer declaration or as multiplication operator.

**Equal sign =** it is used as an assignment operator.

**Pound sign #** it is used as pre-processor directive.

### 5. Operators

Operators are special symbols used for specific purposes.

C++ provides six types of operators.

#### Arithmetical Operators

An operator that performs an arithmetic (numeric) operation: +, -, *, / , or %.

The following table shows the arithmetic operators.

#### Relational Operators

The relational operators are used to test the relation between two values. All relational operators are binary operators and therefore require two operands.

A relational expression returns zero when the relation is false and a non-zero when it is true. The following table shows the relational operators.

**Example 1**

The following statements are true.