Presentation of Statistical Data

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 213K)

Presentation of statistical data main aims to highlight and compare important statistical facts. Generally data are presented in form of tables, graphs and charts. Table is a systematic organisation of data in column and rows. There are various types of graph such as bar chart, pie chart, line chart etc.

Table:

  • It is systematic arrangement of related statistical data in column and rows.

  • It can be General purpose (reference) or special purpose (text).

  • Each table has important parts.

For example: Distribution of students according to course and economic status

Distribution of Students as Per Course and Economic Status
Distribution of students as per course and economic status

Class/Subject

Science

Commerce

Arts

Total

Rich

10

10

30

50

Middle class

10

30

20

60

Poor

20

10

10

40

Total

40

50

60

150

Purpose of Table:

there are main three Purpose of table

Purpose of Table

there are main three Purpose of table

Types of Table:

There are two types of table

Types of Table

There are two types of table

Parts of Table:

(……..…..Title………..)

(In rupees crores)

Parts of Table
There are various parts of table

Stub Head

Column head 1

Column head 2

Sub column head

Sub column head

Sub column head

Sub column head

Stub Entries

Main Body of the table

(field)

Footnote (……………………………)

Source of data (……………………..)

Table Number:

  • If more than one table has been used or presented at one place.

  • Better to give them serial numbers.

  • Always indicated in centre at the top.

Title:

  • It is what heading is to an essay.

  • Appears top of table.

  • Gives idea about what is contained in the main body of table.

  • It should be short and to the point.

  • Better is presented in bold or capital letters.

Head Note/Prefatory note:

  • Written below the title.

  • Clarifies the contents of the table and unit of measurement like “in rupees crores”, ’in lakh tons” etc.

  • Written in right side top of the table, below the title.

Stub:

  • Consists of stub head and sub entries.

  • Both appear on the left hand column of table.

Main body or field:

Most important part of the table and contains information about which a hint is given in title.

Footnote:

  • Qualifying statement placed at bottom of table.

  • Aims to explain omission or limitation of data presented in main body of table.

Source of data:

  • It helps a reader to check original source of data himself and get more of it.

  • Mention information like title, edition, page number and source of publication etc.