Home Family and Home Science – Language & Cognitive Development, Role of Parents, School Teachers & Development tasks during Adolescence

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  • Adolescence is the period of development between children and adulthood. A boy or girl enters adolescence as a child and emerges as a man or woman, expected to be ready to assume an adult role in the society.

  • For everybody, the years 11 to 18 are the most eventful. During these years there is rapid physical and sexual growth and maturation. It is very difficult to say exactly when adolescence starts.

  • However, onset of puberty is generally accepted as the beginning of adolescence.

Image of Adolescence

Image of Adolescence

Image of Adolescence

  • Early and late Maturation

    • Some adolescents the undergo the physical changes described above, earlier than others. This has a specific influence on the psychological aspects of their development.

    • It is generally seen than the early maturing girls feel very conscious and odd about their bodies and they think why is it happening to them? Since they look grown up, adults expect them to behave more responsibly.

  • Socio-Emotional Development of Adolescents

    • Adolescents have mood swings in the early years. They cry and laugh easily, they are moody and irritable because they do not understand about all the changes that are taking place in their bodies.

    • But as the years pass the hormonal activity within them settles down. With this their vulnerability also disappears. Socially, they like to be with the peer group most of the time.

    • This group has its own culture, values, language, dress style, ,music and other likes and dislikes. Conforming to the group norms is an important objects of all adolescents.

Language Development

  • You know that by the end of middle Childhood the child has a vocabulary of about 4000 to 5000 words. With greater use of the vocabulary already learnt, the adolescents language becomes fluent and complex.

  • They are able to add many more words to the vocabulary and also use them for forming complex sentences. All this helps them to communicate fluently.

Cognitive Development

  • Before a child adolescence, he/she needs to see things to be able to understand the relationship between them. During adolescence all that changes.

  • The adolescent’s thinking becomes abstract. The adolescent can imagine situations and events.

Role of Parents

  • Parents who give more freedom to the adolescent as ha or she grows and at the same time take interest and responsibility for adolescent’s decisions, encourage the adolescent to become more independent and responsible.

  • Parents who are very strict and who play the role of an authority figure, i.e., who do not let the adolescent take any decision on her own, seriously hamper the adolescent’s ability to be independent.

Role of School and Teachers

  • School is a major institution, other than the family, which is responsible for teaching a number of social as well as academic skills to the adolescence. Whether or not an adolescent does well in studies depends to a large extent on the school environment and teachers.

  • If the school discipline is not harsh and the student’s point of view is respected, the adolescent is more likely to enjoy academic work. When the teachers are properly trained, warm and enthusiastic and recognize the hidden talents of the students, they bring out the best in the adolescent which makes them feel very good about themselves.

  • Parent’s active interest and their feelings and attitudes about the school and teachers can also influence how the adolescent feel about school and teachers. The adolescents may regard the school and teachers the way the parents do.

Development Tasks During Adolescence

  • The first most important task is accepting one’s physique or body and using it effectively.

  • Achieving new and more mature relationships with age-mates of both sexes.

  • Achieving a masculine or feminine social sex role, i.e., ability to be come a responsible make or female adult member of society.

  • Achieving emotional independence from parents and other adults.

  • Achieving a set of values, i.e., an ideology.

  • Preparing for a career.

  • Prepare fir marriage and family life.

  • Adolescents, too have problems

    • Eating Disorders

    • Suicidal tendencies

    • Peer pressure

    • Personal Problems

    • Social problems

    • Biological problems

    • Teenage pregnancy