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Fibres and Yarns for apparel and household textiles and other end uses, there is a need to convert them into a fabric. Fabric is any piece of cloth.

Fabric Construction

Fabrics can be made by using a number of techniques.

Image of Techniques of Fabric making

Image of Techniques of Fabric Making

Image of Techniques of Fabric making

  • Weaving

    • Weaving is the most commonly used method of fabric construction.

    • You must have seen a chatai being made.

    • Weaving is similar to it, where two sets of yarns are interlaced with one another at right angles.

    • It gives a firm fabric.

  • Knitting

    • When you knit a sweater, there is normally one ball of yarn which is interloped to get a fabric.

    • This technique is called knitting and gives a lot of stretch and easy care properties to fabric.

    • Knits are mainly sued for hosiery. Knit fabrics are specially useful for garments like underwear, T-shirts, socks etc.

  • Non-Woven

    • This fabrics are made directly from fibres without weaving or knitting.

    • Fibres are held together by mechanical forces, gum or heat.

    • Namada is a traditional Kashmiri piece of a non-woven type of fabric.

  • Brained Fabrics

    Brained Fabrics are created in a fashion similar to braiding of hair. These fabrics are mainly used to make trimmings and shoe laces.

  • Nets

    They are open-mesh fabrics with geometrical shapes. These yarns may be knotted at the point of intersection.

  • Laces

    • Yarns are criss-crossed to create intricate designs. Yarns may be interloped, interlaced or knotted to give open-mesh structure.

    • Beautiful decorative designs can be created through lace making.

    • Laces are very important trimmings that are used to decorate a garment.

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