Home Family and Home Science – Types, Characteristics, Disadvantages & Advantages of Family Part 2

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 153K)

Types of Family

  • There are two types of Family:

  • Joint Family

  • Nuclear Family

Joint family is made of a combination of nuclear families and consequently it is much larger. It is made up of man and his wife, their unmarried daughters, married sons, their wives and children. It is a group of more than one or even two generations living together.

Characteristics of Joint Family:

  • All members live under the same roof

  • Members eat food cooked in a common kitchen.

  • The eldest male member of the joint family looks after the finances and the property.

  • Members participate in common family events, festivals and religious ceremonies.

  • The decision making power in a joint family is with eldest adult male member. The eldest woman also plays a role in decision making but in a subtle way.

Advantages of Joint Family:

  • It Encourages family members to be co-operative and accommodating.

  • It allows for the old, the helpless and unemployed in the family to be looked after and cared for.

  • Rearing of small children becomes easier, especially when both parents work.

  • A child gets emotional and economic support in the event of the death of a parent.

  • There is a greater financial security.

Disadvantages of Joint Family:

  • Women are sometimes badly and unequally treated.

  • Often disputes arise among the members over property or the running of a business.

  • Some of the women have to do all the housework, and they get very little time or opportunity to develop their personality.

Nuclear Family

Nuclear Family is usually a small unit made up of the husband, wife and their children. Sometimes a brother or unmarried sister of the husband may be living with them. This would be an extended family.

Advantages of Nuclear Family:

  • Members of a nuclear family are generally more independent and show greater initiative and self-reliance.

  • The Children are frequently encouraged to make decisions. This increases their self-confidence.

  • Deeper emotional ties develop among the members. This is on account of the greater privacy and also opportunities for mutual interaction which are available in a nuclear family.

  • It is seen that as a society becomes more industrialized and urbanized, the incidence of nuclear families increases.

  • One of the foremost reasons for families to be nuclear, especially in big cities is hosing problem. Larger families need larger space to live in.

Disadvantages of Nuclear Family:

  • There is no adult support to the young couple.

  • No experienced person of the family is readily available for advice.

  • When both the parents are working no one from the family is there to take care of children.

  • In case of adversity there is no one to support the family financially or emotionally.

  • Social values like “Adjustment”, “Sharing” or “cooperation” are difficult to learn.