Introduction of Transport Services: Meaning, Objectives and Importance (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Transport Services

In our routine life we use various products which produced at places far away from our locality. These are carried from all those places through rail, road, water or air. Trucks, tempos, and bullock carts which carry finished products or raw material from one place to another. People traveling from one place to another by aero planes, trains, buses, cars, scooters, rickshaws, cycles, etc. This movement of goods and persons is very essential in business. Because of this, raw material is made available at the place of manufacturing goods. Finished products are made available at the place of sale or consumption by Manpower. In this lesson, let us learn how goods and workforce move from one place to another.

Meaning of Transportation

Transport refers to the activity that facilitates physical movement of goods and individuals from one place to another. In business, it is considered as an auxiliary to trade, that means it supports trade and industry in carrying raw materials to the place of production and distributing finished products for final consumption.

‘Individuals or business firms that engage themselves in such activities are called transporters.’ Generally, transporters carry raw materials, finished products, individuals, etc. from one place to another.


• State the meaning of transportation;

• Recognize the importance of transportation;

• Identify the various modes of transportation; and

• Describe the advantages and limitations of different modes of transportation.

Importance of Transport

Importance of Transport

Makes Raw Materials Available to Manufacturers or Producers

Transport makes it possible to carry raw materials from places where they are available to places where they are to be processed and assembled into semi-finished or finished goods.

Makes Goods Available to Customers

Transport makes movement of finished goods possible from one place to another with great ease and speed. Consumers spread in different locations of the country have the advantage of consuming goods produced at distant places.

Enhances Standard of Living

Transport gives consumers the choice to make use of different qualities of goods of distinguish prices. So, it raises the standard of living of the people.

Facilitates Large-Scale Production at Low Costs

Large scale production is not always possible at the place of our choice since it needs huge infrastructure particularly land which is not easily available everywhere. But, transport makes large scale production possible by making all required materials and manpower available at the place finally selected for manufacturing. Large scale production lowers down cost per unit.

Helps During Emergencies and Natural Calamities

Due to war or internal disturbance, transport helps in quick movement of troops and the supplies needed in the operation.

Helps in Creation of Employment

Transport provides employment opportunity to individuals as drivers, conductors, pilots, cabin crew, captain of the ship, etc. who are directly engaged in transport business. It also provides employment to people working in the industries producing various means of transport including its equipments and parts.

Helps in Labor Mobility

Transport helps a lot in providing mobility to workers. People from our country go to foreign countries to work in different industries and factories and vice versa. Within India, also people move from one part to another in search of work.

Helps in Bringing Nations Together

Transport facilitates movement of people and goods from one country to another. It helps in promoting a feeling of international brotherhood and exchange of cultures, views and practices among the people of different countries. This brings about better understanding among people and awareness about different countries.

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