Pipelines, Ropeway and Water Transportation: Advantages of Water Transportation

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Pipelines Transport

At present pipelines are used for various purposes. Water supply to residential and commercial areas is carried on with the help of pipelines. Petroleum and natural gas are transported through pipelines. This is the most convenient as well as economical mode of transport for these products in comparison to road and rail transport, provided the volume to be transported is large quantities. But the cost of installation and maintenance requires large capital investment.

Ropeway Transport

Ropeway defined as a mode of transport, which connects two places on the hills, or across a valley or river. In the hilly areas, trolleys move on wheels connected to a rope and are used for carrying passengers. The famous “Uran Kahtoola Jagdamba” in Gujarat that carries pilgrims to the temple which carries more than 50 passengers at a time.

Water Transport

When rivers and canals within the country are used for the movement of boats, launches, etc. this is called inland water transport. Water transport means movement of goods and passengers on waterways by using various means like boats, steamers, launches, ships, etc. With the help of these means goods and passengers are carried to different places, both within as well as outside the country.

Inland Water Transport

Inland water transport used in domestic or home trade to carry bulky goods. Inland Water transport include boats, launches, barges, streamers, etc. to carry goods and passengers on river and canal routes. Inland water transport system exists only in few states like West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Tamil Nadu, etc. This Transport is not much popular in our country.

Ocean Transport

Ocean transport refers to movement of goods and passengers by ships through sea or ocean waterways. Ocean transport has its fixed route, which links almost all the countries of the world. Which help in the growth of international trade. It is also used for transporting goods and passengers in the coastal areas. Sea transport may be of the following two types.

Types of Transport

Types of Transport

Coastal Shipping

Coastal ships ply between the main ports of a country. Which helps in home trade, Picture and also in carrying passengers within the country. It is mainly used for promotion and development of international trade for transport to carry heavy machines and goods in bulk.

Overseas Shipping

Overseas transport is carried out on fixed routes and connect almost all the countries. Ocean transport use different type of ships which classified as under:

a) Liners - A liner is a passenger or cargo vessel, which belongs to a regular shipping company and ships ply over a fixed route which follow prescribed time table.

b) Tramps - A tramp is a cargo ship, which does not make regular trips but plies whenever cargo is offered to it. It does not follow a fixed route or a prescribed time table.

Advantages of Water Transport

Advantages of water Transport

Advantages of Water Transport

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