Types of Warehouses and Characteristics of Ideal Warehouse

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Types of Warehouses

Warehousing caters to the storage needs of different types of commodities. On the Basis of their requirement. Which classified as follows:

Types of warehouses

Types of Warehouses

Private Warehouses

The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods is known as private warehouses. Generally, these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and retailers near their business centres and by manufacturers near their factories. The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored.

Public Warehouses

The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses. Anyone can store his goods in these warehouses on payment basis. An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses. To start such warehouses a license from the government is required. The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses. Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities. Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods. Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.

Bonded Warehouses

Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is yet to be paid. These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies. Private bonded warehouses have to obtain license from the government. The importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports till such duty is paid in case of imported goods.

Co-Operative Warehouses

Co- operative warehouse provides warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society. Which are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.

Characteristics of Ideal Warehouses

In each of these warehouses adequate arrangements are made to keep the goods in proper conditions. Warehouse possesses certain characteristics, which are given below:

  • Warehouse should be located at a convenient place near highways, railway stations, airports and seaports where goods can be loaded and unloaded easily.

  • Mechanical appliances should be there for loading and unloading the goods. This reduces the wastages in handling and also minimizes handling costs.

  • Adequate space should be available inside the building to keep the goods in proper order.

  • Warehouses meant for preservation of perishable items (which have no long life) like fruits, vegetables, ‘eggs and butter etc. should have cold storage facilities.

  • Proper arrangements should be there to protect the goods from sunlight, rain, wind, dust, moisture, pests etc.

  • Sufficient parking space should be there inside the premises to facilitate easy and quick loading and unloading of goods.

  • Round the clock security arrangements should be there to avoid theft of goods.

  • The building should be fitted with latest fire-fighting equipment’s to avoid loss of goods due to fire.

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