Elements of Windows XP, XP Desktop Elements, Changing System Settings (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Doorsteptutor material for CBSE/Class-10 is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of CBSE/Class-10.

The operating system in these days uses a graphical user interface (GUI) . The commands are visible on the monitor as icons. The most popular operating system available today is ‘Windows’ .

Operating System

Elements of Windows XP

Logging On

  • When the computer system loaded with Windows XP is started, it will present a log-in screen to log on to windows or to network, if the system is part of a computer network.
  • To be able to log on, do the following
    • Enter the password (if it is password protected)
    • Click on the a key or hit the Enter key

XP Desktop Elements

Start Menu

When clicked on the start button, menu as follows appears on the screen giving all the available options to start using the Windows.

Overview of the options:

Task, Description
TaskDescription Description
All ProgramsDisplays a list of installed programs, which a user can start or use
My DocumentsDisplays a list of documents used by the current user
My Recent DocumentsDisplays a list of recently used document by the current user
My PictureDisplays a list of picture/photos used by the current user
My MusicDisplays a list of music/songs used by the current user
Control PanelDisplays a list of utility configure the computer system and install software and hardware
Printers and FaxesDisplays a list of currently installed printers and faxes in the current computer system
Help and SupportStart the XP help and support program to find how to do a task in windows
SearchHelps the user to find Displays a list of documents.
RunStart an application program or execute a DOS command
Log OffLog off the currently logged in user of the system
Turn Off ComputerClose currently opened program, log of the current user and switch off the computer system.

Task Bar

  • When you start the computer system, then start and task bar appears on the bottom of the screen and by default remains visible when Windows is running.
  • Whenever a program is run or a window is opened, an icon representing the program appears on the taskbar. To switch between windows or program, click on the icon representing the window on the task bar. When the program or window is closed, the icon disappears from the task bar.

Start a Program

To start a program to the followings.

  • Click on the Start Button
  • Click on the All Programs
  • Point to the desired folder say “Accessories” and select the desired program to run such as ‘Paint’

Quitting a Program

To quit a program, select the close button (×) in the upper-right corner of the window OR

Click on File menu and select ‘Close’ option.

Getting Help

  • Online help and support provided is of great help in using and learning windows. One can get help a specific topic or current task is being executed. To start help
    • Click on the Start button
    • Click on ‘Help and Tutorial’ option

A list of help and support topics and online tutorial is displayed on the screen. One can use the tabs in the screen to search for the desired information in several ways.

  • Click on a topic or task to know more about how to get the job done or type in a search word to locate the help on a specific topic.
  • Click on the ‘Index’ tab to locate specific topic listed alphabetically and the follow the instructions displayed on the screen.
  • Click on ‘Favorites’ tab to add Help Topics, search results to your Favourites list to make them easy to locate in the future
  • Click on ‘History’ to pick from a list of Help and Support pages that you have read in the past.
  • Click on ‘Support’ to get various kind of online support such as Microsoft online support, News Group on Windows.
  • Click on ‘Option’ to configure the help and support center as per your requirement.
  • To close Help and Support windows, select the close button (×) in the upper-right corner of the window.

To Search for a File or Folder

To Search for a File or Folder
  • Click Start and click on Search.
  • Select all files and folders from the left-hand side of the windows.
  • Type the name of the file or folder in part or full or type a word or phrase that exists in the file to be searched.
  • If you do not know either piece of information, select one or more of the remaining options:
    • In Look in, click the drive, folder, or network you want to search.
    • Click on when it was modified to look for files that were created or modified on or between specific dates.
    • To look for files of a specific size, click on what size is it? Select a size.
    • Click on More advanced options to specify additional search criteria.
  • Once you finish specifying the search criteria, click on Search to locate the file.
  • Similarly, you can search for specific information on Internet, or people in your address book, search for a printer or a computer on your network.

Changing System Settings

  • By using Control Panel՚s tools, you can customize the way Windows look and work! Also, you can install new hardware, add and remove (install/uninstall) software programs, change the look and feel of your desktop and much more.
  • It also includes a number of administrative tools in Administrative Tools option for better administration of Windows in terms of User Management, Event viewer, Component Service etc.
  • To start Control Panel and use the available tool, do the following.
    • Click on ‘Start’
    • Click on ‘Control Panel’
    • Select the desired tool to use
    • For example, to create a new or modify the settings for an existing user click on ‘User Account’ icon in the control panel.

Using My Computer

  • My Computer displays the contents of floppy, hard disk, CD- ROM, and network drives. One can also search for and open files and folders and use options in Control Panel to modify computer՚s settings.
  • To use My Computer, click on Start, and then click on My Computer.

Display the Storage Contents

  • To see what՚s on your hard disk, under Hard Disk Drives, double-click the drive you want to see such as C: D: etc.
  • To find a file or folder on a CD-ROM, or other media, under Devices with Removable Storage, double-click on the respective storage media you want to see.
  • To find a file in a folder, under Files Stored on This Computer, double-click a folder.

Developed by: