Early Childhood Care and Education: Components of Ecce: Health, Nutrition and Hygiene (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Components of ECCE

Components of ECCE

ECCE is an integrated programme consisting of various components which together contribute to the development and wellbeing of children. Let us study its key components in detail.

  • Health, Nutrition and Hygiene: This component consists of providing regular health interventions to both the mother and the child. It encompasses providing prenatal and postnatal care to the mother in terms of provision of healthy nutritious food, timely immunization of the pregnant mother, regular health checkups, stress-free environment and safe childbirth at a hospital or a health center. Similarly, all children need to be provided with a healthy and hygienic environment comprising of well-balanced and nutritious food, protection from infections, timely immunization and provision for medical care.
  • Care and Protection: It is essential for caregivers to ensure psychological and socio-emotional needs of children. It can be done by responding to their needs through appropriate stimulation, supportive and warm interaction and ensuring a healthy and safe environment.
  • Early Stimulation: During the first few years of life, rapid growth and development occur in all domains of development. Early stimulation refers to providing appropriate stimulating inputs through seeing, hearing, touching, smelling and tasting to children especially during their first three years of life. The goal of the stimulation is to promote children՚s potential by enhancing positive interactions with parents or caregivers, and opportunities for exploring the environment.
  • Early Learning: Providing opportunities of early learning is yet another important component of ECCE. Children in the age group of three to six years must be provided age- and developmentally appropriate learning experiences. It is imperative to ensure access to quality education comprising of play, concrete experiences, observation, manipulation and experimentation. This helps them learn about themselves, others and the world around them.
    • Physical - Motor Development: Physical growth and development include increase in height, weight and changes in the proportions of the body structure. It includes the development of bones. The entire structure of the body depends on the bones, i.e.. . on their size, proportion and density. They give an overall configuration and look to the body. Physical and motor development also involves the process of development of gross and fine muscles and eye-hand coordination.
    • Socio-emotional Development: Social development is a process of acquiring social norms and cultural values. Emotional development refers to the development of emotions and feelings in children. Children are born with basic emotions such as love, fear, anger and happiness etc. They develop complex emotions and their ability to recognize, express, and manage feelings over time.
    • Cognitive Development: It refers to development of mental or cognitive abilities such ability to think, remember, recognize, categorize, imagine, reason and take decisions. Language Development It is a process of acquiring, understanding and using language. It involves the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. These skills help children to communicate with others and to express their feelings.
Cognitive Development

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