Planning Developmentally Appropriate ECCE Curriculum: Principles of Quality ECCE Planning (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Principles of Quality ECCE Planning

  • A high quality ECCE programme helps to ensure appropriate opportunities for all children keeping the focus on holistic development of the children. Thus, it is important to develop an ECCE programme balancing both children՚s development and contextual needs.
  • The programme or ECCE curriculum should ensure a stimulating environment with diverse learning opportunities.

Principles of Programme Planning:

  • The activities should be age appropriate and developmentally appropriate.
  • Activities fostering all domains of development should be appropriately planned.
  • The attention span of young children is 15 - 20 minutes; therefore, the duration of activities should be 20 minutes, with additional time allotted to winding up and initiation of the next activity.
  • There should be a balance between structured and unstructured; active and quiet; outdoor and indoor; self-directed and adult-initiated learning opportunities and individual, small group and large group activities.
  • The learning experiences and activities should progress from simple to complex.
  • A wide range of individual and group experiences should be planned. These should be related to the child՚s environment, are enjoyable and challenging for children.
  • Routine fosters a sense of security in children. Therefore, some routine should be followed in the daily programme.
  • The ECCE programme should never be rigid. It needs to be flexible.
  • The duration of pre-school programmes should be three to four hours. The programme should provide for some rest period during the day and if it is of longer duration, like a full day programme, nap time is to be ensured.
  • Learning opportunities should be interconnected, linking learning experiences across developmental domains in a meaningful context, reflecting the real-life context of the children.
  • The language used should be the mother tongue of the child. Efforts should be made to extend their language sensitively and introduce the school language gradually to facilitate school readiness.
  • Curriculum goal and objectives should guide classroom processes and assessment of the children. The curriculum should be implemented in a manner that reflects responsiveness to family/home values, beliefs and experiences.
  • The programme should provide opportunities for exploration and experiential learning, promoting active engagement with people and objects in the environment.

Planning and Designing an Ecce Program Meme

  • Planning is essential for every aspect of human activities. In case of children՚s development, a complete absence of planning may leave the entire teaching learning process disorganized and fail to achieve desired goals.
  • Planning is usually organized over three different time scales, which are linked and follow on from each other.

They are:

Planning and Designing

Long Term Planning

Long Term Planning means drawing up a plan for the whole year. At the beginning of each academic year, it is decided as to what to teach and how to teach for the next twelve months.

This planning includes:

  • Learning experiences and curriculum i.e.. what children need to achieve during the preschool years
  • Identification of skills and concepts
  • Teaching strategies to be used
  • Selection of themes for the whole year
  • Development of schedules/calendar of activities on selected themes
  • Play equipment and Teaching Learning Material (TLM) to be resourced
  • Strategies to note progress in the learning
  • Budgeting and allocation of funds for various expenditures, events, activities, repairs and maintenance.

Medium Term Planning

  • Medium Term Planning means monthly and term planning. After long term planning, monthly planning to decide themes and concepts need to be identified. Themes and concepts using child-oriented methods and strategies benefit children. Monthly planning also assists in reflecting on how children engage and respond with space to modify strategies and improve the quality of the programme.
  • Themes have to appeal and engage children so that they can display their skills and comprehension. Children՚s progress can be recorded and shared with parents and families. In short, this planning focuses on a term or a month. From the year՚s plan, a monthly plan is drawn, which sets the goals for a fixed period of time and gives a broad outline of activities.
  • Mid-term planning is the actual period of execution of work with children requiring consistent review of children՚s participation and response to the content. Content and methods of work can be modified based on how children engage and benefit.

Short Term Planning

Short Term Planning means weekly and daily planning. These plans are more specific than long term and medium-term plans. Short term planning can address individual children՚s needs and interests. Listening to children and incorporating their needs by watching how they engage is a way to involve them actively in the planning process. Short term plans can be used to focus attention on particular children who may require additional support.

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