Planning Developmentally Appropriate ECCE Curriculum: Weekly Planning

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Weekly Planning

It is a part of short-term planning. As themes involve planning for over a week or over a longer period, it may be better to identify sub-themes for different days of the week and then decide on the activities as per the daily programme /schedule to explore different aspects of the theme. It has been observed that thematic approach makes learning not only easy and interesting but also enables children to master basic concepts better.

It includes:

  • Selection of theme for the week

  • Listing activities related to the theme

  • Deciding daily schedule of activities such as what will be done on the first day, second day, etc.

  • Setting goals for each activity

  • Preparing material required for organizing each activity

  • Organizing and arranging the classroom environment according to the theme and the activities selected

Daily Plan/Schedule

This is often drawn up by the teacher to provide a systematic guide to activities during the day.

Daily plan includes:

  • Variety of activities that are offered inside and outside the classroom

  • Organizing resources, the children will use

  • Special arrangements with regard to ensuring children’s participation

  • Time given to different activities

Goals to be Achieved from Planning for the Whole Year

There needs to be a clear ideas of the goals and steps to achieve them in planning the learning experiences for the whole year.

Listed below are some goals necessary for helping children learn:

  • Winning the trust and confidence of the children

  • Inculcating healthy habits among children

  • Ensuring personal safety of the children

  • Development of the fine and gross muscles of the children

  • Development of language skills

  • Development of social skills

  • Development of concepts like number, time, color, form etc.

  • Development of independence

  • Understanding of self and the environment

  • Development of creative art and aesthetic appreciation

Theme Based ECCE Programme

Theme Based ECCE Programme

Theme Based ECCE Programme

  • Theme Based Planning Integrated themes and projects form the core content of the ECCE programme or curriculum. These themes should be developed in a suitable manner so that it enables children to make meaningful connections among the different concepts and develop holistic understanding of the world around them.

  • The preschool curriculum should be flexible and responsive to the needs of the children. It is to be ensured that the theme based ECCE programme is constructed to suit the diverse social, cultural and linguistic contexts in the country.

  • The daily/weekly/monthly theme based programme should be prepared with a good selection of learning experiences that strengthen all domains of development and are age and developmentally appropriate.

Steps in Theme Based Planning

Identify a Theme

The first step is to identify a theme and related sub-themes.

Think and Create Activities, Ideas and Experiences for Different Themes

The second step involves brainstorming ideas for activities for each theme. It is often helpful to include children’s ideas. Watching children during free play in school or in parks often provides ideas that will naturally appeal to children.

Planning a Theme Web

  • Now let’s take a look at a sample web. This web takes a thematic approach but still focuses on areas. The chosen theme is ‘Animals’. The teacher has to decide what s/he wants to include in the activity areas to allow the theme to be explored further. The activity areas need to have specific activities and learning material related to the theme. The purpose of webbing is to brainstorm ideas for the theme.

  • After webbing on a chosen theme, you need to bring it into the weekly/daily plan dividing the activities and experiences according to the needs, interests, age and context of children.

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