How Children Learn (Early Learning and Teaching) : Major Areas That Need Attention for Development (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Major Areas That Need Attention for Development of Creative and Aesthetic Appreciation Are

  • Creative and aesthetic appreciation through arts – Activities like drawing and coloring, painting, printing, tearing, cutting and pasting, making a collage, clay modelling, paper folding, etc. may be the part of the curriculum.
  • Creative movement: Children may be engaged in activities like action rhymes, rhythmic movement like dancing, finger clicking, foot stamping and clapping to a beat.
  • Creative drama – Activities to suggestions like, walk like an elephant, hope like a rabbit, etc. Dramatizing stories or situations by creating their own dialogues and actions and games like dumb charade promote creativity.
Need Attention for Development
  • Creative thinking- Free play, dramatic and make-believe play, constructive play need to be promoted. Open ended questions stimulate imagination and enhance creativity.
  • Development of aesthetic appreciation - Developing sensitivity towards color and beauty in the environment is essential. Aesthetic experience through music and art can easily be a part of the daily routine like, beginning the day with songs, group movements and the physical exercises. Each day needs a time for songs, when children can repeat songs or rhymes and enjoy.

Identifying Developmental Variations and Interventions

  • It is natural for children to have an interactive relation with people, objects or even events in their immediate surroundings. If a child shows indifference to surroundings, it is advisable to watch the child. In fact, children at particular ages tend to do have similar behaviors, achieve certain competencies and attempt to take small challenge.
  • In an ECCE center, some children will often be more active than others while some may be quiet, shy, reserved and almost aloof. Behavior of both children will need attention and intervention if it continues and some children resist regulation. Some common variations can be:


Identifying Developmental Variations and Interventions
Behavior variationsDomainNature of Intervention
Delayed milestonesPhysical and motorNutrition, sensory stimulation, activity
Repetitive behaviours like rocking, or bangingMultiple domains. PediatricianRefer for professional help
Quiet and aloofSocio-emotionalArt, drama, movement and conversation
High level of energySocio-emotional or physicalSit down with slow activities such as coloring
Resistance to others or outdoor playSocio-emotional or can be physicalEncouraging art, expression, conversations
Frequently asking questionsCognitiveEncouraging turn taking
Display competence in any skill like art, numbers or musicCognitive, languageFacilitate exposure and opportunity for skill building

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