Smooth Transition: Benefits of Facilitating Smooth Transition and Understanding Readiness

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Benefits of Facilitating Smooth Transition

Some signs of successful transitions are:

  • Children will like school and look forward to going to school

  • Children will show steady growth in academic skills

  • Parents will become actively involved in their children’s education—at home, in school, and in the community

  • Classroom environments will promote positive feelings for both teachers and children

  • Teachers, staff members, and families will value one another

  • Schools and programmes will celebrate cultural diversity in their communities

  • Developmentally appropriate practices will be visible within the classroom

Understanding Readiness

  • School readiness is a multi-faceted phenomenon comprising development in the physical/health, social and emotional domains, as well as language acquisition, literacy and cognition.

  • The concept of school readiness has concerned early childhood educators at both preschool and primary school levels for several years. Children who have commenced school without developing vital readiness skills, have been identified ‘to be at risk’ for their future academic, social and occupational success.

  • Current research highlights the importance of considering all aspects of children’s development when considering school readiness. It is essential to provide support, experiences and effective early intervention strategies, where necessary, to optimize children’s development well before children approach school entry.

  • In general, children who are ready for school are cooperative with adults and with other children. They show self-control in most situations, follow the rules of their home and preschool, and can use their free time in an acceptable way.

  • School readiness is a measure of how prepared children are to succeed in school, cognitively, socially and emotionally. Children who are unprepared to start school often fall behind in reading, leaving them unable to read well by the end of third grade.

School readiness is identified as:

School Readiness

School Readiness

  • Demonstrating Readiness: Children demonstrate the foundational skills and behaviors that prepare them for curriculum based on the kindergarten standards.

  • Approaching Readiness: Children exhibit some of the foundational skills and behaviors that prepare them for curriculum based on the kindergarten standards.

  • Emerging Readiness: Children display minimal foundational skills and behaviors that prepare them for curriculum based on the kindergarten standards. Children whose readiness skills and behaviors are identified as developing or emerging require instructional support to be successful in formal schools. School readiness is arriving at school with the knowledge, skills and physical and emotional health needed to successfully participate.

This includes:

  • Approaches to learning: To what extent do children show curiosity, enthusiasm and persistence toward learning tasks?

  • Cognition and general knowledge: Do children have basic knowledge about the world around them? Do they know shapes, numbers, own name, etc.

  • Language development: To what extent do children use verbal and nonverbal skills to convey meaning and understanding?

  • Physical well-being: Are children growing and developing properly? Are they healthy?

  • Social and emotional development: Do children interact well with others and communicate their feelings in appropriate ways?

Significance and Components of Readiness

  • The development of school readiness skills allows schoolteachers to expand and further develop children’s skills in the specific areas of social interaction, play, language, emotional development, physical skills, literacy and fine motor skills. School readiness means children enter school ready to join in and benefit from early learning experiences that promote their success.

  • It is never too early to start providing the kinds of experiences that will help children enter school, ready to succeed. Getting children ready for school requires spending time reading, talking, and playing with them.

Some expected characteristics that should be displayed by school-ready children are:

  • Independent in toileting

  • Able to dress themselves

  • Understands expected levels of behavior

  • Confidence and self-esteem

  • Can take turns and share

  • Can sit still for a short period

  • Can separate from parents/caregivers

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