Smooth Transition: Components of Readiness for Preschool: Academic Readiness (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Components of Readiness for Preschool

The holistic growth of children implies that they be given variety of opportunities of different kinds to help them in their all-round development.

Components of readiness include the following:

Academic Readiness

Academic Readiness

Before entering preschool children should have basic knowledge of themselves, their families, and the world around them. Through play and interactions with caring adults, children can come to school with many skills that teachers can build upon.

Activities for parents to get their child academically ready for school:

  • Read to your child daily and talk about what you՚ve read.
  • Visit the library. Check out books and attend story times.
  • Sing rhyming songs and do finger plays.
  • Put child՚s name on their clothing and toys to help the child recognize the name in print.
  • Encourage your child to write her or his name
  • Help your child learn basic colors by pointing and naming objects like “green trees,” “red apples,” or “blue coats.”
  • Give your child puzzles and games that require counting and problem solving. Let your child scribble, draw, write, and cut and paste.
  • Sing the alphabet song with your child and provide letter magnets or other toys that will help him/her begin to recognize the letters of the alphabet.
  • Take your child to the zoo, park, grocery store and post office. Talk about the sights and sounds of your day.
  • Make time for your child to sing, dance, climb, jump, run, and ride tricycles or bikes.
  • Choose childcare that promotes learning with well planned, fun, and interesting activities.

Social Readiness

Social readiness is as important as academic readiness. Being able to get along with other children, follow directions, take turns, and say good-bye to parents are skills that teachers hope to see from incoming children.

Activities for parents to get their child socially ready for school:

  • Set rules and give consequences for breaking them.
  • Have regular routines for mealtime and bedtime.
  • Encourage your child to play with and talk to other children.
  • Encourage your child to take turns and share with other children.
  • Encourage your child to finish difficult or frustrating tasks once they have begun them.
  • Encourage your child to consider the feelings of others.
  • Model and discuss positive ways for your child to express her or his feelings.
  • Discourage hitting, biting, screaming, and other negative behaviors.
  • Kiss and hug your child several times a day.


When children complete basic self-help tasks such as zipping their coats or tying their shoes, they feel a great sense of pride. Independence builds confidence and self-esteem. In school, children will be expected to do many things on their own.

Activities for parents to get their child become independent and be ready for school:

  • Buy shoes and clothing that are easy for children to buckle, zip, and fasten on their own.
  • Let your child get dressed and put on shoes by him or herself.
  • Encourage your child to take turns and share with other children.
  • Let your child do simple chores like setting the table at mealtimes or cleaning up toys after playing.
  • Encourage independent toileting and hand washing.
  • Let your child work independently on activities such as completing puzzles.

Communication Skills

Communication Skills

Listening and speaking are the first steps to reading and writing in the preschool years. Through conversations with parents, teachers, and friends, children learn about the people, places, and objects that they will later read and write about. It is through speaking that young children tell us what they know and understand about the world.

To make sure that children can communicate their thoughts and feelings in school, parents should:

  • Have regular conversations with their child.
  • Encourage their child to listen and respond to others when they speak.
  • Answer the child՚s questions, even if the answer is “no.”
  • Help their child learn and use new words.
  • Explore language through singing, rhyming, songs, and chants.
  • Model the language they want the child to use.
  • Write notes to their child.

Health and Physical Well-Being

Activities for parents to ensure their child are physically ready for school:

  • Eats a balanced diet
  • Gets plenty of rest
  • Receives regular medical and dental care
  • Has had all necessary immunizations
  • Can run, jump, climb, and does other activities that help develop large muscles and provide exercise
  • Uses pencils, crayons, scissors, and paints and does other activities that help develop small muscles.

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