Early Childhood in India: Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

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Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights
Fundamental Rights

Article 14

shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Article 15

shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. (3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children. (4) Nothing

shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

Article 17

“Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.

Article 19

(1) All citizens shall have the right – (a) to freedom of speech and expression; (b) to assemble peaceably and without arms; (c) to form associations or unions; (d) to move freely throughout the territory of India; (e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

Article 21:

No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty

except according to procedure established by law.

Article 21 A

shall provide free and compulsory education to all children

of the age of six to fourteen years…

Article 24

Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc. No

child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to

work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

Directive Principles of State Policy

Directive Principles of State Policy
Directive Principles of State Policy

Article 39

… the tender age of children are not abused… are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength; (f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.

Article 42

The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief (Children are also benefited by this statutory provision).

Article 45

The state shall endeavor to provide within a period of ten

years from the commencement of this constitution, for free and compulsory Education for All children until they complete the age of fourteen years.

Article 46

shall promote with special care the educational and

economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

Article 47

raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living

of its people and the improvement of public health

Article 51A

(k) … parent or guardian to provide opportunities for

Education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.

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