Inclusion: Significant Milestones in Legislation: Inclusion of Integrated Education (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Significant Milestones in Legislation

Inclusion of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC, 1974)

The government launched a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) . The scheme aimed at providing educational opportunities to learners with disabilities in regular schools, and to facilitate their achievement and retention. The IEDC scheme provides for a wide range of incentives and interventions for the education of children with disabilities.

The National Policy on Education, (NPE) 1986 and Its Plan of Action (POA) , 1992

The National Policy on Education (NPE) , 1986 states that children with mild disabilities should be included in mainstream classrooms, whereas children with moderate to severe disabilities should be placed in segregated schools. The NPE, 1986 envisages measures for integrating the physically and mentally handicapped with the general community as equal partners, to prepare them for normal growth and to enable them to face life with confidence.

The RCI Act 1992

The RCI Act provides standards for rehabilitation professionals. It also sets standards for special education teachers trained to teach children with different disabilities. The RCI Act is solely concerned with manpower development for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.

The National Trust Act, 1999

  • The National Trust Act (National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability) , 1999 is a landmark legislation which seeks to protect and promote the rights of persons who come within the disability sector and have been even more marginalised than others.
  • As per the policy, every child should have access to appropriate pre-school, primary and secondary level of education by 2020. The programme provides children with disabilities, “financial support for books, school uniforms, transportation, special equipment and aids,” with the intention of using these aids to include children in mainstream classrooms.

Right to Education, (RTE) Act 2009

  • The RTE Act safeguards the rights of the children belonging to the disadvantaged groups and the weaker sections, protecting them from any kind of discrimination and ensure their completion of elementary education.
  • It is not disability-specific but is inclusive of all children with disabilities, with specific sections that address the educational rights of children with disabilities.

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • The Act replaces the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. It fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) , to which India is a signatory. The Act came into force during December 2016.
  • The types of disabilities have been increased from existing 7 to 21 and the Central Government will have the power to add more types of disabilities.
  • Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
  • Responsibilities assigned to the appropriate governments to take effective measures to ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.

Role of Teachers, Management, Parents and Communities in Promoting Inclusive Education

  • Inclusive education is a pairing of philosophy and pedagogical practices that allow all children to feel respected, confident and safe so they can learn and develop to their full potential.
  • Inclusive education is put into practice within school communities that value diversity and nurture the well-being and quality of learning of each and every child. Inclusive education advocates that all children should study together in the school available in the vicinity of their home.

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