Needs and Rights of Children: Rights of Children: Inter-Relationship of Children՚s Needs (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Rights of Children

Rights of Children

What Are Children՚s Rights?

  • According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) , ‘children՚s rights’ are the human rights of children primarily pertaining to the rights of protection and care to the minor.
  • They are the minimum entitlements and freedom that should be accorded to all persons below the age of 18 regardless of race, color, gender, language, religion, opinions, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to all people everywhere.

Inter-Relationship of Children՚s Needs and Children՚s Rights

  • All children have common needs irrespective of their socio-economic and cultural background. They need a protective home environment, good family life, adequate food, health care and respect.
  • Needs and ‘rights’ are mutually interdependent. ‘Right’ is a recognition of children՚s entitlement to have their ‘needs’ fulfilled. This, in turn, places specific obligations on adults at all levels of society to take the necessary action to ensure that those rights are implemented for every child.

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)

  • On 20 November 1989, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child or United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) . This Convention formulated the standards for physical, moral, mental, spiritual, and social development of children. India adopted the convention in December 1992.
  • The Convention through its 54 Articles views the child as an individual entitled to a number of economic, civil, social, political and cultural rights wherever children are.

It also describes how people and the government work jointly to make sure children enjoy all their rights:

  • Right to Survival: The right to survival includes the right to life, the best attainable standards of health, nutrition and an adequate standard of living. It also includes the right to registration of birth, name and nationality.
  • Right to Protection: The right includes freedom from all forms of exploitation, abuse, inhuman and degrading treatment including the right to special protection in the situations of emergency and armed conflicts. Protection against drug abuse, disease and disability and protection to children on the other side of the law also is an integral part of the right to protection.
  • Right to Development: It consists of the right to be educated, to receive support for development and care during early childhood and to social security. It also includes the right to leisure, to recreation and to cultural activities.
  • Right to Participation: The right to participation accords the child access to appropriate information and the freedom of thought and expression, conscience and religion.

A big population of Indian children lives in situations, where their basic needs of food, shelter, education, medical care and protection etc. are not met. Due to this, they are at greater risk of suffering from malnutrition, illiteracy and ill health etc.

  • Also, at times, children face emergency situations in their lives due to factors such as natural calamities (floods, earthquakes, fire etc.) , accidents, and loss of parents.
  • Such children face a lot of hardships in their lives. Due to such circumstances and crises in their lives, these children suffer a lot of hardships and somewhere their childhood is lost.

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