Needs and Rights of Children: Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children՚s Rights (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children՚s Rights

A number of policies and plans were formulated for the welfare and development of children to ensure children՚s economic, political and social rights.

Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

  • An Integrated Scheme for School Education, 2018 Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) or Integrated Scheme for School Education is an overarching programme for the school education extending from preschool to class 12. Its main goal is to improve school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling to all children and equitable learning outcomes.
  • The major objectives of the Scheme are provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students; bridging social and gender gaps in school education; ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education; ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions; promoting vocationalist of education; support States in the implementation of Right to Education; and strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education (SIEs) and DIETs as a nodal agencies for teacher training.

National Minimum Guidelines for Setting up and Running Crèches

These guidelines are meant to facilitate the employer in establishing and managing crèche facility for their employees having children mainly from 6 months to 6 years against key parameters such as location, timings, infrastructure, equipment, health and nutrition practices, safety and protection, trained human resource, parent՚s engagement and others, to ensure holistic development care of every child at the crèche.

The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017

  • The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 has increased the duration of paid maternity leave available for female employees from 12 weeks to 26 weeks. The act extends the benefit to adopting and commissioning mothers and provides a woman who adopts a child will be given 12 weeks of paid leave from the date of adopting the child.
  • The act is applicable to all those women employed in factories, mines and shops or commercial establishments employing 10 or more employees. The Act has introduced a provision of “work from home” that can be exercised after the expiry of 26 weeks՚ leave period. Depending upon the nature of work, a woman can avail of this provision on such terms that are mutually agreed with the employer.

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law and to regulate the services of children in non-hazardous occupations.

Child Labour

It is aimed at banning the employment of children below 14 years of age, laying down a procedure to make additions to the schedule of banned occupations or processes, regulating the working conditions of children, laying down penalties for employment of children in violation of the provisions of this Act and other Acts which forbid the employment of children, and bringing uniformity in the definition of the child in related laws.

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPWD) Act, 2016

  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act was enacted in 2016. It promotes and protects the right to equality, life with dignity and respect for integrity equally with others in various aspects of life such as educational, social, legal, economic, cultural and political.
  • The Act elaborates on various kinds of entitlements to children with disabilities and gives directions to the appropriate governments for the education, skill development, employment, social security, health, rehabilitation, and recreation of such children.

National Plan of Action for Children, 2016

  • The National Plan of Action for Children, 2016 is committed to provide equal opportunities for all children and protect their rights. This plan intends to provide comprehensive policy focus to address vulnerabilities of children.
  • Vulnerable children includes socio-economically or otherwise disadvantaged groups, children with disabilities, street/homeless children, child labour/migrant children/trafficked children, children in conflict with the law, children affected or displaced by natural or man-made hazards and climate conditions/civil disturbance, children without family support or in institutions and children affected by HIV/AIDs, leprosy etc.

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