Needs and Rights of Children: Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children՚s Rights (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Doorsteptutor material for ICSE/Class-10 is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of ICSE/Class-10.

Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children՚s Rights

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme, 2015

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
  • Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao Scheme was launched in 2015 to address gender imbalance and discrimination against the girl child. The objectives are prevention of gender-based sex-selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child, and ensuring education and participation of the girl child. There is strong emphasis on changing the mindset through training, sensitization, and awareness generation.
  • This scheme is being implemented through a national campaign and focused multi-sectoral action in 100 selected districts low in CSR, covering all States/Union Territories. This is a joint venture of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development. In 2019, implementation guidelines for state governments/UT administrations were launched.

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 creates a robust legal framework for the protection of the rights of all children whether alleged or found to be in conflict with law or children in need of care and protection, by catering to their basic needs through proper care, protection, development, treatment, social re-integration, by adopting a child- friendly approach in the adjudication and disposal of matters in the best interest of children and for their rehabilitation through processes provided, and institutions and bodies established therein which will adopt child friendly processes.

Objectives of NPAC under each priority area:

  • Survival, Health and Nutrition: Ensure equitable access to comprehensive and essential preventive, promotive, curative, and rehabilitative health care of the highest standard, for all children before, during and after birth, and throughout the period of their growth and development.
  • Education and Development: Secure the right of every child to learning, knowledge, (including Skill Development) education, and development opportunity, with due regard for special needs, through access, provision and promotion of required environment, information, infrastructure, services and support for the development of the child՚s fullest potential.
  • Protection: Create a caring, protective, and safe environment for all children, to reduce their vulnerability in all situations and to keep them safe at all places, especially public spaces.
  • Participation: Enable children to be actively involved in their own development and in all matters concerning and affecting them.

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012

  • Everyone has a role to play in protecting children. Parents, schools, communities, police, courts, medical professionals, NGOs, Child Welfare Committees, District Child Protection Units, the media among others are responsible for creating an environment in which children feel safe and protected.
  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 was enacted by the Government of India to provide an extremely strong legal framework for the protection of children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interest of the child at every stage of the judicial process, by incorporating child – friendly mechanisms for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts.
  • The law defines a child as anyone below the age of 18 years and does not differentiate between a boy or girl child victim.
  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was constituted in 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005. The Commission՚s mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programme, and Administrative Mechanisms and in consonance with Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. As defined by the commission, a child includes those up to the age of 18 years.

Regulatory Guidelines for Private Play Schools

The NCPCR has developed Regulatory Guidelines for Private Play Schools for children of the age of three to six years. The main objectives of the guidelines are to bring inclusiveness and uniformity in all educational institutions providing pre-school education, to prevent violation of child rights and abuse against such children, to achieve national and international commitment of pre-school education for preparing them for primary education and finally to remove ambiguity in the early childhood education (ECE) system in India by giving recognition for establishing or regulating such institutions.

Developed by: