Needs and Rights of Children: Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children's Rights

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Government Acts and Plans to Achieve Children’S Rights

Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE), 2009

  • The Constitution of India provides free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to 14 years. ‘Free education’ means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent her/ him from pursuing and completing elementary education.

  • ‘Compulsory education’ means it is the responsibility of the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide free elementary education and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in this age group. RTE provides for children’s rights to an education that is free from fear, stress and anxiety.

Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS), 2009

  • The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) is a centrally sponsored scheme launched in 2009. It aimed at ensuring protective environment for children in difficult circumstances, and other vulnerable children. ICPS brings together multiple existing child protection schemes of the Ministry under one comprehensive umbrella and integrates additional interventions for protecting children and preventing harm.

  • The scheme set up a child protection data management system to formulate and implement effective intervention strategies and monitor their outcomes. Regular evaluation of the programmes and structures are conducted, and course correction is undertaken.

The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

The Prohibition of Child Marriage

The Prohibition of Child Marriage

  • The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 came into force in 2007. The object of the Act is to prohibit solemnization of child marriage and connected and incidental matters. To ensure that child marriage is eradicated from society, the Government of India enacted the Prevention of Child Marriage Act 2006 by replacing the earlier legislation of Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929.

  • This new Act is armed with enabling provisions to prohibit for child marriage, protect and provide relief to the victim and enhance punishment for those who abet, promote or solemnize such marriages. This Act also calls for the appointment of Child Marriage Prohibition Officer for whole or a part of a State by the State government.

Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994

Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994 (amended in 2002) was passed to stop female feticide and control the declining sex ratio in the country. The Act banned the use of sex selection techniques before and after conception. The Act also bans advertisement related to pre-conception and pre-natal determination of sex. There is strong emphasis on changing mindset through training, sensitization and raising awareness.

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