Ecce Policies, Schemes and Programmes in India: Policies and Plans (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Policies and Plans

National Plan of Action for Children (NPAC) , 2016

  • The National Plan of Action for Children 2016 succeeds the Plan of Action adopted in 2005. NPAC, 2016 focuses to reach and serve the ‘Last Child First’ . It commits to give first rank to children who are most vulnerable due to gender, socio-cultural and economic or geographic exclusion, including other vulnerable children such as street children, children of migrant workers, sex workers and those suffering from HIV/AIDS or other diseases.
  • The NPAC, 2016 targets to ensure all children their right to survival, dignity, health, nutrition, education, development, protection and participation. It also provides a framework for the states and Union Territories to develop their own state plans to protect children՚s rights and promote their development.

National Health Policy (NHP) , 2017

  • The National Health Policy (NHP) was formulated in 1983 and 2002. The latest NHP was launched in 2017. The main aim of this policy is to shape health systems in this area such as investments in health, organization of healthcare services, prevention of diseases and promotion of good health.
  • It seeks to enable access to technologies, developing human resources, encouraging medical pluralism, building knowledge base, developing better financial protection strategies, strengthening regulation and health assurance. The policy aims the attainment of the highest possible level of health and wellbeing for all at all ages and universal access to good quality health care services.

National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyan) , 2018

POSHAN Abhiyan was launched in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan in March 2018 with a vision to ensure India is free of malnutrition by 2022. It aims i. to reduce the level of under-nutrition and other related problems by ensuring convergence of various nutrition related schemes. Ii. prevent stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and low birth rate. It also aims to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.

Programmes and Schemes

The concern for the health and general wellbeing of the mother and the child has motivated the government to launch programmes and schemes from time to time to address this need.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, 1975

The Government of India launched the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme in 1975. It is a unique programme and one of the world՚s largest for early childhood care and development. It encompasses all children in the age group of 0 - 6 years. It also caters to the needs of pregnant women and lactating mothers.

Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) , 1995

Mid-Day Meal Scheme

Mid-Day Meal Scheme was launched in 1995 to improve the nutritional status of children studying in primary classes in Government, Government aided, local body schools, Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative & Innovative Education (AIE) centres all over the country. It aims at enhancing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children. In October 2007, the Scheme was extended to cover children of upper primary classes i.e.. class VI to VIII as well.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

Janani Suraksha Yojana

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) was launched on 12 April 2005. It is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Health Mission. It aims to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among poor pregnant women.

Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK)

The Government of India launched Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram in 2011to provide completely free and cashless services to pregnant women and sick new-borns in government health institutions in both rural and urban areas.

Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)

  • The Government of India launched the Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) , an innovative initiative under the National Health Mission. It envisages Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services, which is a systemic approach of early identification and link to care, support and treatment. It includes early detection and management of a set of 30 health conditions prevalent in children less than 18 years of age.
  • These conditions are broadly: Defects at birth, Diseases in children, Deficiency conditions and Developmental delays including Disabilities or the 4Ds. Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services also aims at reducing the extent of disability, at improving the quality of life and enabling all persons to achieve their full potential.

Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) , 2009

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) targeted at building a protective environment for children in difficult circumstances, as well as other vulnerable children.

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