Ecce Policies, Schemes and Programmes in India: Policies and Plans and Curriculum Frameworks (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Policies and Plans

Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) , 2018

  • The Government of India launched Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan in 2018 for school education extending from pre-school to class 12. It envisages the school as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels. It aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from preschool to senior secondary stage.
  • The scheme emphasizes safe and secure infrastructure including sanitation facilities in preschools. It also stresses on developmentally appropriate curriculum, learning activities, pedagogical practices and assessment and professional development of teachers and community participation and engagement.

Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat

Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat

Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat Scheme was launched by Government of India in 2014 to improve and promote the foundational learning of early language and literacy and early numeracy in early grades of primary school particularly classes I and II.

Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme

Was launched by the Government of India to help establish crèches and provide quality day-care facilities for children of working mothers among all socioeconomic groups in both in the organized and unorganized sectors. It offers care and education services for children below six years of age.

National Minimum Guidelines for Setting up and Running Crèches under Maternity Benefit Act 2017

The Government of India prepared National Minimum Guidelines for Setting up and Running Crèches under Maternity Benefit Act 2017. Under the Act, the crèche facility is mandatory for every establishment employing 50 or more employees. It provides guidelines for setting up and running crèches for children between six months to six years and to standardize the quality of these crèches. It has spelt out key parameters of locations, timings, infrastructure, equipment, health and nutrition practices, safety and protection, trained human resource, parent՚s engagement and others to ensure holistic development and care of every child at the crèche.

Curriculum Frameworks

Curriculum framework can be described as comprehensive and organized guidelines or a set of standards guiding all the learning experiences to be given to children at a particular stage to attain the desired learning outcomes. It provides guidelines about what and how to be taught to children including assessment procedures. Let us study about the curriculum frameworks related to ECCE.

National Curriculum Framework (NCF) , 2005

  • National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) prepares the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) which provides the framework for curriculum development and teaching practices for school education programmes in India.
  • In the context of ECCE, the framework advocates that young children be provided care, opportunities and experiences for their holistic development including physical, cognitive, social and emotional. It considers ECCE as preparation for formal schooling and advocates play based developmentally appropriate curriculum in ECCE.

National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Curriculum Framework, 2013

  • National Early Childhood Care and Education Curriculum Framework 2013 is a significant and comprehensive guiding document. It aims to promote quality and excellence in early childhood care and education throughout the country. It intends to provide rich early stimulation and quality learning experiences to all children from birth to pre-primary years.
  • It aims at creating an enabling environment and providing need-based inputs as per children՚s developmental and contextual needs. The Framework also acknowledges the importance of involvement of parents, family and community in ensuring quality ECCE.

Various Service Providers of Ecce

In India, ECCE programmes are being delivered by various organizations across government, private and non-governmental sectors. Let us study about them.

Government Sector

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme introduced in 1975 is one of the world՚s largest programmes mandated to provide ECCE. These services are provided through centers called Anganwadi. These centers aim to provide a stimulating and enriched environment to children for their holistic development.

Private Sector

The private sector is also one of the service providers of ECCE. It includes stand-alone pre-schools, self-owned preschools and franchises. The outreach of these schools is steadily spreading even into the rural areas across the country. The quality of services provided by them varies which needs to be regulated.

Non-Government Sector

The ECCE services are also being provided by voluntary or Non-Governmental Organisations. These are largely run by trusts, societies, and religious groups and funded by government and international funding agencies. Their outreach and the types of services provided by them also vary. There is a need to harmonize the activities of all these service providers.

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