Stages of Child Development: Development of Children During Six to Eight Years (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Development of Children During Six to Eight Years

This time is critical for children to develop confidence in all areas of life and attain independence and industry. Developing independence from family becomes more important now. During this period, children come into regular contact with the larger world outside. Friendships become more important and peers start playing a very crucial role.

Let us now study the developmental milestones of the early primary stage:

Physical Development and Motor Development

At this age, children grow about one to three inches per year. They start gaining weight faster at the age of eight to nine years. Their large muscles including those of arms and legs are more developed than small muscles. At this stage, children engage in a lot of physical play. They can bounce a ball and run, but it is difficult to do both at the same time.

Socio-Emotional Development

Socio Emotional Development
  • In this stage, children develop relatively complete concepts of themselves. They develop a growing understanding about one՚s place in the world. They start to feel about how they look and how they are growing. They become more realistic about their abilities and capacities. Their descriptions about themselves are based on both their explicit (such as physical capacities and possessions) and internal characteristics (such as, “I am good” ) .
  • Children at this stage can verbalize conflicting emotions. They also understand more complex emotions, such as confusion and excitement. Although they can verbalize the importance of their family for them, yet they also value their privacy.

Some of the other socio-emotional capacities of children during this phase are:

Developing sense of right and wrong

Wanting emotional freedom and space from parents

Becoming better at controlling and concealing feelings

Beginning to form a broader self-concept based on recognition of one՚s strengths and weaknesses, especially with regard to social, academic and athletic skills

Sustaining peer group interactions and friendships

Cognitive Development

  • In middle childhood, children start thinking more logically than before. Their thinking becomes flexible, but they are able to think about concrete situations only. They have yet not mastered abstract thought. They can now think of more than one aspect of an object, although they have not mastered it at this stage.
  • Now then can remember routes to familiar destinations and have an idea of how long it takes to reach from one place to another. They may walk back from school independently. They are now also able to conserve number, length, liquid, matter, weight, area and volume. They also have reversible thought. Children of this age are no more egocentric.

Language Development

Language Development
  • Children at this stage become skilled at the use of language. They are able to pick up the nuances of language and use them appropriately at appropriate places. They are able to appreciate humor and gather conversational skills like turn taking. They can sustain conversations on a single topic for considerable time. Their vocabulary and syntax improves.
  • They add new words to their repertoire and are able to use them aptly in different social situations. They start understanding the social usage of words i.e.. what and how to speak with different persons such as parents, teachers, siblings and friends. They also show increased appreciation for hidden intent of words.

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