Challenges of Indian Economy: National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Providing Health Care

Another major challenge before the country is to provide better health care facilities to its people. Due to lack of proper health care 254 females out of every 100,000 die while giving birth. This is called maternal mortality rate (MMR) . 50 out of 1000 children die at the time of birth which is called infant mortality rate (IMR) . 15 children out of 1000 die before completing 4 years of age which is known as child mortality rate (CMR) .

Providing Health Care

Let us look at the role played by the government in providing health facilities.

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)

NRHM was launched in 2005 to provide affordable and qualitative health service to rural population. It aims at strengthening health and family welfare programmes, removing diseases such as malaria, kala azar, blindness, iodine deficiency, T. B. filaria, leprosy etc. by improving public health delivery system. NHRM has started revitalizing the existing primary and community health centres. NRHM is also running many mobile medical units (MMUs) which run from one place to another to provide health care at doorstep.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

In order to save the life of the mother at the time of the delivery the government has started the Janani Suraksha Yojana.

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

  • Health care facilities are not uniformly available in India. Some states have very good health infrastructure in the form of medical institutes/colleges and hospitals while others do not have these facilities. To remove these problems the government of India has launched PMSSY.
  • Under this scheme six new AIIMS like institutions will be constructed in different parts of the country. It also aims at upgrading 12 existing government medical colleges in different states.

National AIDS Control

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a dangerous health disorder which affects people infected with HIV. The government of India has created centres to generate awareness to prevent AIDS as well as treat people affected by the virus.

Controlling Price Rise

The most common reason is that if the amount of a good people wants to buy in the market is more than its actual availability then this will create a situation of shortage of the particular good. As a result, the price of the good will rise.

The government plays a major role in controlling prices in the following ways:

  • By helping farmers in several ways so that food grain output does not suffer. One example is that the government allows the farmers to buy seeds, fertilizer etc. at lower price.
  • By building store houses and cold storages to keep food grains and vegetables properly so that there will be no problem of availability of such goods.
  • By keeping a strict vigil on hoarding of essential commodities and punishing the guilty since hoarding is a crime.

Achieving Higher Economic Growth

In a simpler manner we can define economic growth as increase in our Country՚s total income and per capita income. This is possible when India՚s agricultural and industrial production increase as well as Service sector expands in the desired manner.

Some of the steps taken by the government in this direction are as follows:

  • India has been encouraging establishment of small scale, large scale and heavy industries since the second plan onwards i.e.. from 1956. These industries produce goods for the use of people, machines and equipment՚s needed to build infrastructure and help service sector to expand. Industries provide lots of jobs and higher wages.
  • The government has been encouraging the use of better inputs in the form of better seeds, fertilizers etc. to improve food grain production.
  • Because of better infrastructure in the form of roads, railway lines, Airports, communication towers, power etc. India՚s service sector is growing fast.

In order to maintain the momentum of economic growth the government has modified rules and regulations so that people can easily participate in the process of development. These steps are known as economic reforms.

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