NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 1 Snake Bite, Summary, Grammar (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Written by: – Shankar (An extract from: Life with Grandfather)

Summary

  • One day the author saw a small snake in the compound. It was crawling along slowly but when it saw the author, it hid itself in a coconut shell.
  • The author closed the mouth of the coconut shell with a stone and took the shell to Grandmother.
  • Grandmother was shocked and cried for help. Grandfather came running. When he learnt that the author had a snake in the shell, he snatched the shell and threw it away. The snake crawled away and disappeared behind some bushes.
  • Grandfather warned the author never to go near a snake, because snakes are very dangerous.
  • Later in the evening, the author tried to catch a bee and it stung him on his finger. The author felt a sharp pain and ran to grandmother.
  • Grandmother thought that the author had been bitten by a snake. She called out to Grandfather.
  • At the glance of a blue mark on the finger he took the author in his arms to an old grey-haired man because he knew the cure for snake bite.
  • The old man looked at the author՚s finger and then asked the author to sit down and not to move.
  • The old man then took some water in a small brass vessel and started reciting some mantras.
  • The author wanted to tell the old man that it was a bee not a snake that had bitten him but Grandfather did not allow him to talk.
  • Grandmother too had arrived by then. After a few minutes, the old man got up, washed the author՚s finger and gave him some water to drink. Then he turned to Grandfather and said, “Thank God, you brought Raja in time.” He is out of danger now.
  • Grandmother and all others thanked the old man for the magic cure. On returning home, Grandfather sent him gifts.

Grammar

Vocabulary

  • Crawling: moving slowly pulling the body along the ground
  • In alarm: in anxiety
  • In fear shell: hard outer covering of coconut or nuts
  • Learnt: gained knowledge
  • Cure: treatment
  • Recite: say something aloud
  • Vessel: a container to hold liquid

Antonym

  • Far – Near
  • Loudly- Slowly
  • Opened- Closed
  • Noisy-Quiet
  • Appeared- Disappeared
  • Young-Old
  • Always- Never
  • Safety-Danger
  • Happy-Sad
  • Loose-Gain

Match the words in Column A with their opposites in Column B

Match the Words in Column a with Their Opposites in Column B
Column AColumn B
1. QuietlyA. Came
2. SlowlyB. Harmless
3. WentC. Noisily
4. DangerousD. Quickly

Answer: 1-C, 2-D, 3-A, 4-B

Now match the names of the animals in Column A with their sounds in Column B.

Now Match the Names of the Animals in Column A
Column AColumn B
1. LionsA. Bray
2. ElephantsB. Chatter
3. DonkeysC. Growl
4. MonkeysD. Trumpet
5. CowsE. Roar
6. BearsF. Low

Answer: 1-E, 2-D, 3-A, 4-B, 5-F, 6-C

Write the simple past tense of the following verbs.

  • Draw-Drew
  • Walk-Walked
  • Manage-managed
  • Hold-Held
  • Ask-Asked
  • Forgive-Forgave
  • Drive-Drove
  • Meet-Met
  • Swim-Swam
  • Repair-Repaired
  • Shake-Shook
  • Cook-Cooked
  • Ring-Rang
  • Clean-Cleaned
  • Enjoy-Enjoyed
  • Bear-Bore
  • Lead-Led
  • Cheat-Cheated
  • Write-Wrote
  • Eat-Ate

Regular Verb: walked, managed, asked, repaired, cooked, cleaned, enjoyed, and cheated

Irregular Verb: drew, held, forgave, drove, met, swam, shook, rang, bore, led, wrote, and ate

Form adverbs from the adjectives and use them in your own sentences.

Form Adverbs from the Adjectives and Use Them in Your Own Sentences
AdjectiveAdverbs
NeatNeatly
NiceNicely
SoftSoftly
ClearClearly
ElegantElegantly
CarefulCarefully
RegularRegularly
GracefulGracefully

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