NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 12 Indian Weavers, Explanation (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Weavers, weaving at break of day,

Why do you weave a garment so gay?

Blue as the wing of halcyon wild

We weave the robes of a new-born child.

Weavers, weaving at fall of night,

Why do you weave a garment so bright?

Like the plumes of a peacock, purple and green

We weave the marriage veils of a queen

Weavers, weaving solemn and still

What do you weave in the moonlight chill?

White as a feather and white as a cloud

We weave a dead man՚s funeral shroud.

– Sarojini Naidu

Explanation

Stanza 1: Weavers, weaving at break of day … a new-born child

  • In the first stanza the poet, Sarojini Naidu describes weavers weaving cloth in the early morning. She asks the weavers why they are weaving a cloth of a particular colour.
  • They say that the cloth that they are weaving is the colour of a halcyon՚s wings. It is a beautiful, blue because it will be used for making the clothes of a newly born child.

Stanza 2: Weavers, weaving at fall of night … veils of a queen

  • In this stanza the poet asks the weavers why they are weaving a cloth late in the evening. She asks why it is so bright and colourful.
  • The weavers tell her that the cloth is brightly and richly coloured like the feathers of a peacock because they are weaving it for a queen. The queen will use this cloth to make her marriage veil.

Stanza 3: Weavers, weaving solemn and still … man՚s funeral shroud.

In the above stanza the poet asks the weavers what they are weaving late in the night. The weavers reply that they are weaving a thin white cloth to cover a dead body.

Grammar

Figure of Speech

  • In poetry different literary devices like Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Alliteration, etc. are used to make the expression more effective.
  • In this poem ‘Simile, Imagery and symbolism’ have been used.
  • Simile: In a simile, comparison is made between two different objects which have some common points.
  • Simile is generally introduced by the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ .

Examples:

  • Blue as the wings of halcyon wild.
  • Bright like the plumes of a peacock.
  • Imagery: The suggestion of a clear mental picture or image by the use of words is called imagery. It is a suggestive word picture. A poet can create or suggest beautiful sight effects and sound-effects by means of words.
    • Example: ‘Weavers weaving at break of day’
  • Symbolism: Poets and writers often use objects or colours or different words to denote an idea. In this poem the different times of the day and colours of fabric are conveying the idea of a life cycle such as:
    • Morning: Birth, happiness and hope
    • Evening: Celebration of life during the youth and middle age
    • Night: Represents death

Idiom & Proverbs (Jumbled Sentences)

Arrange the following sentences in proper order

1. silver/every cloud/has a/lining

2. together/Birds of/flock/feather/same

3. A friend/indeed/in need/is a friend

4. greener/on the/The grass/is always/other side

5. An empty/workshop/mind/is a devil՚s.

Answer:

1. Every cloud has a silver lining.

2. Birds of same feather flock together.

3. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

4. The grass is always greener on the other side.

5. An empty mind is a devil՚s workshop.

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