NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 14 Stealingand Atonement, Summary (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

(An adaptation from ‘My Experiments with Truth’ )

Summary

  • We often imitate people we admire, copy their hairstyles, way of dressing, manner of speaking or habits of film stars, public figures, and friends and relatives is quite common.
  • Gandhi was about twelve, he and his relative imitated an uncle who smoked. They thought it would be fun to blow out clouds of smoke. They picked up cigarette stubs and stole money from the servants so that they could buy cigarettes. Like all teenagers, they wanted independence.
  • They decided that life was not worth living because they had to seek permission from their elders for everything they did. They got some seeds that they believed were poisonous.
  • Gandhi too made mistakes when he was young. But he realised his mistakes. He removed the thought of suicide from his mind forever. He also decided that he would never smoke or steal. When Gandhi՚s elder brother fell into debt, he took a bit of gold from his brother՚s armlet to help the brother repay his debt.
  • Later, he felt guilty of his act of stealing. He repented for his action as he knows that he had done something wrong. He decided that he would never steal again. He felt very disturbed and wanted to confess to his father but couldn՚t get himself to face him. He also knew that his father would be very pained to know what he had done.
  • Gandhi did not want to hurt his father but he could not bear to live with the guilt. So, he decided to confess to his brother.
  • Gandhi got the courage to confess because he knew he was doing the right thing. Gandhi admitted that he had stolen and asked for suitable punishment for his wrongdoing. He also requested his father not to punish himself for the act and promised that he would never steal again.
  • When Gandhi՚s father read the letter, he did not scold his young son because he knew he was absolutely honest and sincere in his confession.
  • Gandhi՚s father began to cry. These were not just tearing of pain but also love and forgiveness. After reading the letter, he was sure that the mistake would never be repeated.
  • Gandhi too started to cry. He learnt the first lesson on Ahimsa that day. Without any physical violence or angry words, the matter was taken care of.
  • Gandhi understood the real meaning of Ahimsa from his father՚s peaceful reaction to his confession of a wrong deed.

Grammar

The Gerund

Look at the sentences given below:

  • Singing is his hobby.
  • Playing is my son՚s first love.
  • Walking is good for health.

We notice that the bold words in each sentence are formed from the root verbs by adding ‘ing’ . But they act as nouns and are called Gerunds. They are verbs at the root.

  • sing + ing = singing
  • play + ing = playing
  • walk + ing = walking

The Participle

Look at the sentences given below:

  • She came running to me.
  • They saw an interesting movie.
  • Trained personnel can get employment easily.
  • Running water has less impurity.

The words in bold are not main verbs, they act as adverbs.

Fill in the blanks using the suitable form of the verbs in brackets.

a. Please open the ________ (lock) cupboard.

b. We should try to use ________ (recycle) products as they are eco-friendly.

c. It was a ________ (plan) holiday.

d. Kamla comforted the ________ (frighten) child.

e. Please submit the ________ (complete) assignments.

Answer: a. locked b. recycled c. planned d. frightened e. completed

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