NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 18 the Little Girl, Summary, Grammar (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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By – Katherine Mansfield

Summary

  • Kezia, the little girl, lived with her parents and her grandmother. She was very fond of her grandmother.
  • Her parents spent very little time with her. Her father was a strict disciplinarian. She never felt comfortable in his presence.
  • Besides, he never expressed his love for her. She was very scared of him. Once when she destroyed some of his important papers, he gave her a good beating.
  • One day, her mother fell ill and so both her mother and the grandmother had to stay in the hospital.
  • Kezia was left alone in the house. She was very scared to sleep alone. She had a nightmare; she got up in the middle of the night and wanted to be with her grandmother.
  • Her father heard her screams, rushed to her room, took her in his arms and hugged her and put her to sleep.
  • Kezia then realised that her father did love her and cared for her.

Positive Response

Her mother may have realised that her daughter was feeling lonely, insecure and was losing self-confidence. She might talk to her husband to change their attitude towards Kezia.

Negative Response

She might have ignored Kezia՚s problem and suggested that grandmother was there to take care of her. Father was too busy to give her time and mother had to take care of him.

Vocabulary

1. To pull off: remove

2. To stutter: not to speak normally due to a speech problem

3. Wretched: miserable, very sad

4. Brink of suicide: extremely dejected and frustrated

5. Nice talk: here means polite and informal talk/interaction

6. Gravely: seriously

Grammar

Past Tense

The simple past tense is used to refer to the action which took place in the past and was completed.

Fill in the following blanks with the correct form of the verbs given in brackets.

Last Monday we________ (go) to attend Parents՚ Day in my daughter՚s Aanganwadi school. The teacher ________ (tell) me that she________ (want) to participate in sports as well as cultural activities in the Aanganwadi but due to her poor health she________ (allow) her to take part only in one activity.

Answer: went, reported, wanted, allowed.

Interrogative sentences begin with interrogative words

  • Sentence begins with interrogative word ‘Why’ and a question has been asked. The structure of the sentence is: ‘interrogative word + did + subject + verb in its root form’ . e. g. , why + did + he + give up?
  • Statements (positive) in simple past take the 2nd form of the verb but Interrogative sentences begin with interrogative words - (when, why, where) followed by did/didn՚t and subject, and the verb is used in its root form.
  • ‘Wh’ questions in the past tense, e. g. , a.
    • When did you go to Goa?
    • What did you do yesterday?
    • Where did you go during the summer holidays?

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