NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 23 the Return of the Lion, Summary (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Doorsteptutor material for ICSE/Class-10 is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of ICSE/Class-10.

Summary

  • It is a play about Shivaji and his mother, Jijabai who, in the absence of Shivaji, acts as Regent of the State. The reader gets to see how in this role, she controls her emotions and acts with intelligence and wisdom.
  • One day, Jijabai receives a letter from Aurangzeb informing her that Shivaji had been killed. She does not believe that her brave son, the lion of Maharashtra, had been killed.
  • She knew that Aurangzeb was in the habit of telling lies. She considers the news a hoax and tells her Mantriji not to disclose the news as it could dishearten people.
  • When Mantriji tells her that there are signs of rising revolt and discontentment among the soldiers, she tells him how to satisfy them and their families to divert their attention and curb the simmering rebellion.
  • In the second part of the play, Jijabai welcomes the three holy men who have come from North. They give her the news that Shivaji and his son Sambhaji have been arrested by Aurangzeb.
  • When Jijabai asks for their blessings, only two of them oblige her. The third one falls on her feet. Jijabai recognises Shivaji in the guise of a Sadhu.
  • Shivaji announces a celebration on his safe return. Shivaji also tells his mother that she should stop worrying about Sambhaji. He says that he is safe with his friends and would join them later.
  • A good leader does not panic on hearing any disturbing news but remains cool, acts wisely and responsibly.
  • A good leader also knows how to handle a difficult situation as Jijabai told Mantriji what measures should be taken to check the growing discontentment amongst the soldiers.
  • The interest and well being of the state and her people are foremost in the mind of an efficient and responsible leader.

Grammar

1. Adverbs

Adverbs are words which add meaning to a verb, an adjective or another adverb. There are different kinds of adverbs.

  • Adverb of Manner: It shows how an activity is done.
  • Adverb of Place: It shows place of activity and answers β€˜where’ question
  • Adverb of time: It shows the time of activity and answers β€˜when’ question.

Adverbs of Manner

An adverb of manner is a word which tells us how some action happens.

  • He worked tirelessly.
  • She spoke softly.
  • The underlined words tell us something more about the verbs β€˜worked’ and β€˜spoke’ .

Most adverbs of manner use β€˜ly’ at the end

2. Choose a suitable word from the brackets and use it in the correct form to complete the sentences:

(1) Seema looked ________at her art work. (happy/sad)

(2) The man stared ________ at the boy who broke the window. (kind/stern)

(3) Salim looked ________ (anxious/rude) out of the window to see whether the police was there for his protection.

(4) I like to write ________ (neat/untidy) so that my work is legible.

(5) He is popular because he always speaks ________ (polite/rude) .

Answer: 1. Happily 2. Sternly 3. Anxiously 4. Neatly 5. Politely

3. ADVERBIAL ANTONYMS

Write the antonym of the followings

(1) timidly –

(2) sternly –

(3) softly –

(4) weakly –

(5) safely –

(6) cheerfully –

(7) loosely -

(8) slowly –

(9) gently –

(10) strictly –

Answer:

1. boldly

2. kindly

3. loudly

4. strongly

5. dangerously

6. sorrowfully

7. tightly

8. quickly

9. roughly

10. leniently

Developed by: