NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 24 Co-Operate and Prosper, Summary (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Summary

  • This is a story about cattle rearing farmers of Gujarat and how their fate changed. The farmers were hard-working but despite this, they remained very poor.
  • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, an eminent leader of the freedom movement, was determined to do something to change their lives.
  • He appointed one Tribhuvan Das to find ways to help them out. Tribhuvan Das realised that the middle men were exploiting the poor farmers and depriving them of their share of profit.
  • He decided to get the farmers and form a cooperative. In this way they would directly sell their produce and share the profits by eliminating the middlemen.
  • This idea worked well but soon he faced another problem. He could not compete with a well-established British Dairy in Mumbai.
  • To everyone՚s good luck, at this time, Verghese Kurien a young engineer trained in America, joined them and accepted the assignment.
  • He set up a mechanised processing plant for processing and packaging of milk. Due to his efforts, Amul Diary became one of the largest cooperatives in India and also made India the largest milk producing country in the world.
  • This lesson teaches us that there is great value in working collectively and collaboratively.
  • All problems can be resolved by communities themselves. Science and technology, if used effectively, can transform our lives, eliminate poverty and usher in growth and development.

Vocabulary

(1) Reared: to look after

(2) Determined: to take a firm decision

(3) Assistance: help

(4) Plight: condition

(5) Strove incessantly: worked hard continuously

(6) Relentlessly: tirelessly/unyielding

(7) Prosperity: good fortune, wealth

(8) Steady: continuous

(9) Harassed: caused mental pain by creating problems for someone

(10) Exploited: oppressed

Grammar

Pronouns

  • Using a proper noun each time, you wish to talk about a person, place or thing. This can make our conversation or piece of writing very boring and repetitive.
  • To avoid this monotony, we use pronouns in place of nouns, e. g. , he, she, it, etc. These words make our writing crisp.

Exercise on Pronouns

1. She the girl who lost … pen. (my/her/his)

2. Have you seen the books? I have not seen … (them/books/this)

3. I՚ve bought a new computer. Do you want to use … (it/those/them)

4. Maria loves music and … plays the guitar. (they/her/she)

5. There՚s no need for you to come. I can carry the bags … (herself/yourself/myself)

Answer: her, them, it, she, myself.

Possessive Pronouns

Words such as his, hers, mine; ours, theirs, and yours show possession or ownership. They are called possessive pronouns.

Possessive Pronouns

Infinitives

  • We can understand this better if we first recall what a finite verb is and then contrast it with an infinite verb.
  • A finite verb is governed by its subject which means that the verb changes according to the number of the noun (singular or plural) .
  • An infinitive or non-finite verb is exactly the opposite. It does not change with the subject nor does it undergo any change with the tense.
  • Infinitives may or may not take to before them.

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