NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 26 Ustad Bismillah Khan, Summary (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Summary

  • It is a biographical sketch of Ustad Bismillah Khan, the famous Shehnai Maestro. He was the one who brought Shenai to limelight and made it a part of Indian Classical music.
  • It was for his contribution to music that he was conferred the top four civilian National awards and many international awards.
  • Ramaruddin Bismillah Khan was born in Dumraon, Bihar on 21st March 1916 in a family of musicians.
  • His father was a musician in the court of Maharaja of Dumraon. At the age of six, he moved to Varanasi. His maternal uncle, Ali Baksh was the official Shehnai player at the famous Vishwanath temple.
  • He noticed Bismillah Khan՚s interest in playing Shehnai. He became his tutor. Bismillah Khan was a devoted learner.
  • He worked hard and practiced playing Shehnai at Balaji Ghat for hours together. Inspired by the flowing water of the river Ganga, he invented many ragas which were so far considered beyond the range of Shehnai.
  • He considered music beyond caste and creed. He was an exponent of universal brotherhood and Hindu Muslim unity.
  • He loved his city and motherland. He rejected the offer of permanently settling down in U. S. A. He performed not only in India but also in many other countries and learned international acclaim.
  • He was a true artist and never went after wealth, name and fame. He died at the age of ninety due to cardiac arrest.
  • He was buried in Varanasi along with his beloved Shehnai.

Vocabulary

(1) Undoubtedly: without doubt

(2) Maestro: a great

(3) Recipient: one who receives

(4) Ancestors: those from whom one՚s father or mother has descended

(5) Limelight: focus of public attention

(6) Accumulated: gathered/acquired

Grammar

Prepositions

  • A preposition is a word in a sentence that tells us about place, position, time or method. Prepositions are usually put before nouns or pronouns.
  • A preposition shows in what relation the person or thing stands in regard to something else.
  • Some commonly used prepositions are: for, in, into, at, on, of, by, to, off, with, over, from, though, above, behind, near, besides, under, below, beyond, between, among, till/until, since, before, after, during.

Exercise

1. Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition from those given in brackets.

a. The train arrived ________ time. (after, on, at)

b. There is a bridge ________ Hooghly River. (below, over, in)

c. Indian classical music is always set ________ a raga. (in, of, by)

d. In India, all children between the ages of 6 and 14 have a Right ________ Education. (for, to, in)

e. Abhigyan Shakuntalam was written ________ Kalidasa. (from, by, after)

Answer: a. on b. over c. in d. to e. by

1. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.

a. Smoking is injurious ________ health.

b. Akash took the book ________ the shelf and put it ________ his bag.

c. Gopal has eaten nothing________ yesterday.

d. Always keep ________ the left on a road.

e. She waited ________ the bus stop ________ half an hour.

Answer:

a. to

b. from, in

c. since

d. to

e. at, for

Phrasal Verbs

  • Phrasal verbs are very common in spoken and written English. To be able to speak and write English well, you must understand them properly.
  • Phrasal verbs consist of a verb and another word or phrase, usually a preposition. Although they consist of two or more words, they act as if they are one word.
  • A phrasal verb often has a meaning which is different from the original verb.

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