NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 3 Kondiba-A Hero, Summary, Grammar (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Summary

  • The famine in Maharashtra in 1972 - 73 had driven Kondiba Gaikwad from his home in Aurangabad to Mumbai in search of bread.
  • Kondiba hated begging but he soon learnt that Mumbai is generous to beggars – especially blind beggars as 25-year-old Kondiba was blind. He had become blind with small pox at the age of eight.
  • Kondiba lived with Tukaram and Tukaram՚s wife, Yelanbai in Golibar, the large slum colony in Ghatkopar, north-east of Mumbai.
  • In the middle of an open area, in the colony there was a well. It was full of blackish-green water. Nothing could be seen more than a few centimetres below the surface.
  • The mouth of the well had gradually widened as the soil and rocks on the sides fell in. The bottom was narrow, muddy and filled with weeds. The well was dangerous; but seemed harmless.
  • One day Arvind fallen in the well. Kondiba pulled off clothes and slipped into the water; Kondiba had been a good swimmer as a young boy before he lost his sight.
  • It was now two minutes since Arvind had fallen in. Kondiba worked as fast as he could, feeling his way through the mud and the weeds.
  • Suddenly, he felt Arvind՚s belt! Holding it tightly with his right hand, struggled to push himself upwards with his free hand and feet, he gasped for breath, other hands quickly lifted Arvind up and out of the well. Kondiba had saved him just in time.
  • Words soon began to spread about the beggar՚s courage. His picture and the story of his daring rescue were published in many national and local papers.
  • Suddenly Kondiba became a hero. He was praised by the Governor, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, and other officials. Rewards totalling ₹ 12,970 were presented to him.
  • Today, Kondiba lives in Jalna, a market town close to his native village. He has married a local girl and runs a small business.
  • Kondiba Gaikwad՚s bravery and determination to find the boy in the well had completely changed his own life. The beggar who hated begging need never beg again.

Grammar

Phrasal Verbs

A verb followed by a preposition is called Phrasal Verb.

  • Anita turned off the lights.
  • Sagar threw away the ball.
  • I am coming back to Delhi on Sunday

Complete the following summary by using appropriate phrasal verbs from the box given below. You will have to change the form of the verbs.

Complete the Following Summary by Using Appropriate Phrasal Verbs from the Box Given Below
dive into, run out of, go into, give up, push through, pull off, fall into

On reaching the well, Kondiba ________ the crowd. He came to know that a small boy had ________ the well. He ________ his shirt and ________ the well. He ________ the well twice but failed to find the boy. He had ________ breath, but he did not ________. He went into the well once again. He felt the shirt of the boy and pulled him out. In spite of his blindness, Kondiba was able to rescue the boy.

Answer: pushed through, fallen into, pulled off, dived into, went into, run out of, give up.

Find the Linking Words/Phrases

One day, a boy fell into the well after sometime Kondiba became breathless but he did not give up Thus, he saved Arvind՚s life next day, he went to Kondiba with his aunt and touched Kondiba՚s feet. Today Kondiba run a small business and is happy.

Answer: one day, after sometime, next day, and today.

Present Tense Chart

Present Tense Chart
Present TenseAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceInterrogative sentenceInterrogative and negative sentence
IndefiniteSingular Subject

Sub + Verb 1st + s/es + Object

Plural Subject

Sub + Verb 1st + Object

Singular Subject

Sub + does + not + Verb 1st + Object

Plural Subject

Sub + do + not + Verb 1st + Object

Singular Subject

Does + Sub + Verb 1st + Object?

Plural Subject

Do + Sub + Verb 1st + Object?

Singular Subject

Does + Sub + not + Verb 1st + Object?

Plural Subject

Do + Sub + not + Verb 1st + Object?

ContinuousSingular Subject

Sub + is + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Plural Subject

Sub + are + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

I as a Subject

I + am + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Singular Subject

Sub + isn՚t + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Plural Subject

Sub + aren՚t + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

I as a Subject

I + am + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Singular Subject

Is + Sub + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Plural Subject

Are + Sub + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

I as a Subject

Am + I + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Singular Subject

Is + Sub + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Plural Subject

Are + Sub + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

I as a Subject

Am + I + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

PerfectSingular Subject

Sub + has + Verb 3rd + Object

Plural Subject

Sub + have + Verb 3rd + Object

Singular Subject

Sub + has + not + Verb 3rd + Object

Plural Subject

Sub + have + not + Verb 3rd + Object

Singular Subject

Has + Sub + Verb 3rd + Object?

Plural Subject

Have + Sub + Verb 3rd + Object?

Singular Subject

Has + Sub + not + Verb 3rd + Object?

Plural Subject

Have + Sub + not + Verb 3rd + Object?

Perfect continuousSingular Subject

Sub + has + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Plural Subject

Sub + have + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Singular Subject

Sub + has + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Plural Subject

Sub + have + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Singular Subject

Has + Sub + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

Plural Subject

Have + Sub + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

Singular Subject

Has + Sub + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

Plural Subject

Have + Sub + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

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