NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 7 the Shoeshine, Summary, Grammar (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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– Sasthi Brata (An adaptation)


  • The story began while the author was standing outside the Tea House in Connaught Circus, idly watching the traffic a shoeshine walked up and put down his box in front of the author and enquired about shoes polish.
  • The author denied the shoeshine not to get his shoe polished. The boy explained that he can՚t get a job with dirty shoes like that because it could not make good impression on others.
  • During conversation the author enquired him about his earning the boy answered on a bad day about three rupees, on a good day when there are lots of tourists, about five and sometimes more.
  • On this the author found that the shoeshine earned more than Ram Singh, a clerk in a Government office.
  • The author asked the boy that could I do the shoeshine. On this the boy told the author that he would sit in an office and be a sahib himself, earning a regular monthly salary.
  • The boy told author that shoe shinning was no job for an educated man. The author explained that I had no friends in Delhi that I had left home without sitting through my exams. And most important, that even if I did apply for a clerk՚s job, I would be earning less than him.
  • For the moment the author lost the feeling of hopelessness and despair which had possessed him ever. To work as a shoeshine became the most important goal in the author life.
  • A box like this one, brushes, cream and polish and some rags but suddenly the author remembered the fact that it is a land where man had achieved greatness on every plane-astronomy, algebra, architecture, even poetry, music and art. Yet in this very city, where seven empires had come and gone, where Akbar and Ashoka ruled, I could not get a job, and a boy like Shovan Lal had not been able to finish his schooling.
  • The author learnt many facts about the shoeshine that The Union was having trouble with the authorities.
  • They had refused to grant a license to the Shoeshines, although hawkers could apply for one. So, in effect, polishing shoes on the pavement was illegal, like begging, and one had to depend on the goodwill of the policeman. The head of the Shoeshine՚s Union knew some English but obviously someone with better knowledge of the language would be of great help.
  • So, though most of group was against letting author in, they had reluctantly agreed to give him a chance provided he helped out with the correspondence. The author literally jumped for joy and gave Shovan Lal a close hug.


Select suitable phrases from the ones given and complete the following sentences one of them is additional.

Select Suitable Phrases from the Ones Given and Complete the Following Sentences One of Them is Additional
make fun of, pull a long face, makes a living, gave another chance, pulled down

(i) Rani՚s sister has lost her husband. She ________by giving music lessons.

(ii) We should not ________people who stammer.

(iii) Ahmad had broken a glass vase, when his mother scolded him, he ________

(iv) Amit was strong and healthy. Last month he had influenza. He looks ________now.

Answer: makes her living, make fun of, pulled a long face, he looks pulled down now.


  • Each clause has a subject, verb, and may be with or without an object. Each clause looks like a sentence. But each clause is not independent. Each sentence with more than one clause has:
    • A main (Principal) clause
    • A subordinate clause
  • One of the clauses, though linked, yet is independent. Such a clause is called Principal or Main clause.
  • The other clause is a dependent clause (Subordinate) It is linked with a subordinate sentence connector (that, which, though) each subordinate clause has a function to perform. Subordinate clause functions as a noun clause or an adjective clause or an adverb clause.

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