NIOS Class 10 English Chapter 9 Nine Gold Medals, Explanation (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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(POEM)

- David Roth

Explanation

Stanzas 1 and 2: The athletes hadhigh to begin

  • Olympics are held once every four years. Athletes from all over the world train hard to participate in this event. Winning a medal in the Olympics is the ultimate goal of every athlete of the world.
  • This poem is about Special Olympics in these Olympics, differently-abled persons, who have some problem in a particular part of the body, participate in various sports events. The contestants put in a lot of preparation and practice. Everyone hopes to win a medal. The spectators are as excited as the contestants. They cheer and encourage the contestants.

Stanza 3,4 and 5: The blockswhat next occurred

  • Of all the events in Olympics, the hundred-metre race is the most prestigious. The athlete, who wins it, is remembered as the fastest man in the world. So, for Special Olympics mentioned in the poem this is the final event, hence the most prestigious.
  • The hundred-yard race is about to begin. The athletes take position at the starting blocks. They begin to run immediately after the starting pistol is fired.
  • However, one of them is unable to run and falls on the track. The action has begun and already one episode has taken place. Notice how eight contestants are strong and run forward, while the ninth, who is the smallest, falls down. He cries out with the pain of disappointment.
  • He has trained hard but does not get the opportunity to show his talent. All his dreams of winning the medal are broken and destroyed.

Stanzas 6,7 and 8: The eight otherswords ever will.

  • Something unexpected happened at the beginning of the race. Now let us see how many contestants finally ran the race.
  • All the athletes had dreamt of winning the medal. However, they readily forgot their dream and came forward to help the boy to his feet. Then all the nine contestants walked hand-in-hand to the finish line.
  • The audience was so moved by the exemplary behaviour of the contestants that it stood up and clapped. There were now nine winners, instead of one, and each was given a gold medal.
  • All the contestants displayed empathy turning the Special Olympics into a really ‘special’ one. Simply stated, empathy is the ability to ‘put oneself in another՚s shoes’ .
  • That is exactly what the eight contestants had done. One look at the fallen contestant had forced them to think ‘what would I have felt if I had fallen?’ and they knew exactly what they had to do.

Grammar

Vocabulary

  • Spectators: persons watching esp. an event or sports without taking part resolved: determined
  • Poised: ready
  • Stumbled: hit his foot against something when he began to run and almost fell
  • Staggered: lost balance asphalt: black tarred road
  • Anguish: pain and disappointment
  • Dashed: destroyed

Figures of Speech

Alliteration: the consonant repeated sound in order to bring about a musical effect. e. g. , but the smallest among them, he stumbled and staggered.

Past Tense

Past Tense Chart

Past Tense Chart
PASTAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceInterrogative sentenceInterrogative and negative sentence
IndefiniteSingular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + Verb 2nd + Object.

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + did + not + Verb 1st + Object

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Did + Sub + Verb 1st + Object?

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Did + Sub + not + Verb 1st + not + Object?

ContinuousSingular Subject

Sub + was + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Plural Subject

Sub + were + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Singular Subject

Sub + was + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Plural Subject

Sub + were + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object.

Singular Subject

Was + Sub + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Plural Subject

Were + Sub + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Singular Subject

Was + Sub + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

Plural Subject

Were + Sub + not + Verb 1st + ing + Object?

PerfectSingular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + had + verb 3rd form + Object.

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + had + not + verb 3rd form + Object.

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Had + Sub + verb 3rd form + Object?

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Had + Sub + not + verb 3rd form + Object?

Perfect continuousSingular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + had + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Sub + had + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time.

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Had + Sub + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

Singular Subject & Plural Subject

Had + Sub + not + been + Verb 1st + ing + Object + since/for + Time?

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