Chapter – 11 Summary of Indian Painting: Kalamkari Painting and Indian Handicrafts (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Mithila painting also known as Madhubani folk art is the traditional art of the Mithila region of Bihar. They are produced by village women who make three dimensional images using vegetable colour with few earthen colours and finished in black lines on cow dung treated paper.

  • These pictures tell tales especially about Sita՚s exile, Ram-Laxman՚s forest life, or depict the images of Lakshmi, Ganesha, Hanuman and others from Hindu mythology.
Mithila Painting
  • Apart from these women also paint celestial subjects like sun and moon. Tulsi, the holy plant also is to be found in these paintings.
  • These paintings also convey advice on ways to lead a good married life. There is also a social variation in subjects and use colours.
  • Paintings made by the upper, more affluent classes are colourful while those made by the lower caste people use red and black line work. But the technique of painting is satisfy and zealously guarded by the women of the village to be passed on by the mother to the daughter.

Kalamkari Painting

  • The literal meaning of Kalamkari is a painting done by kalam. This art go enriched as it came down from one generation to another. These paintings are made in Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is had painted as well as block printing with vegetable dyes applied on cloth. Vegetables dyes are used for colour in the kalam Kari work.
  • A small place Sri-Kalahasti is the best known centre of Kalamkari art. This work is also found at Masaulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The Kalamkari dyes are obtained by extracting colours from plant roots, leaves, along with salts of iron, tin, copper, alum etc.

Indian Handicrafts

  • India is a virtual treasure house of the most exquisite handicrafts. Simple objects of daily life have been crafted with delicate design which gave expression to the creativity of the Indian artisan.
  • Every state of India can boast of some unique creation which is special to the region, for example, Kashmir is famous for tie-and-dye fabrics, jewellery, using precious stone and Jems, blue glazed pottery and minakari work.
  • Andhra Pradesh is famous for Bidri work and Pochampalh saris while Tamil Nadu is well known for bronze sculpture and Kajeevaram silk saris.
  • These arts have been nurtured for thousands of years and provided employment to great number of artisans who carried forward the art to the next generation.
  • Indians artisans with their magic touch can transform a piece of metal, wood or ivory into objects of art.

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